Ugandabout – agosto 2012


Eccovi alcune notizie sull’Uganda e sull’Africa recuperate da internet nell’agosto 2012.

1 agosto 2012

6 august 2012

7 august 2012

12 august 2012

16 august 2012

20 august 2012

1 agosto 2012
Sono almeno 15 i morti in Uganda per un’epidemia di Ebola, malattia virale che provoca gravissime febbri emorragiche, scoppiata all’inizio del mese scorso nel distretto occidentale di Kibale.
Lo ha reso noto un portavoce del ministero della Sanità, Dennis Lwamafa, secondo cui nel complesso ammontano a 178 i casi di sospetto contagio nella stessa area, per 16 dei quali è stato disposto l’internamento in ospedale.
Tra i decessi conclamati c’è peraltro anche quello di un operatore sanitario, spirato in ospedale a Kampala dopo aver contratto il morbo nella parte ovest del Paese africano: è stata la prima volta in cui il virus ha colpito in maniera letale la stessa capitale ugandese. Le ultime due epidemie risalivano al 2007 e al 2000, quando persero la vita rispettivamente 37 e 170 pazienti.
fonte www.agi.it

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6 august 2012
Over the weekend, President Yoweri Museveni officially opened the yearlong celebrations to mark 90 years of Makerere University.
Opened on August 4th 1922, Makerere has over the years grown as a premier tertiary institution on the continent though stumbling through Uganda’s years of social, political and economic decline and rebounding when the country stabilized
Today, as the University marks 90 years, some look nostalgically to its past to analyse the challenges it is facing today yet quite a substantial see many bright years ahead for the institution once called the Harvard of Africa. Speaking on Saturday President Museveni emphasised that Makerere must now move towards more science and technological innovations not only for its own survival but if it is going to continue playing a key role in the world of academics.
Events for the 90 years of Makerere started on Thursday with an invitational lecture on ‘The role of the academia in building a sustainable private sector: A case study of Dr Martin Aliker.’ Mr William Kalema delivered the lecture to a capacity audience in the University Main Hall. Walking the journey of Makerere from 1922, he reminisced its humble beginnings from a name many of the recent graduates and current students may have never known once identified the institution whose academic reputation they proudly wear ‘Nyangi Eradde.’
The institution began as, Makerere College School- a technical school to train artisans such as carpenters, brick layers but not plumbers or engineers because by 1922, Uganda neither had running water or electricity. He told how “elegantly dressed students wore shorts, pattice on their legs but bare foot.”
Grander ambition
– It soon became clear that after ten years of schooling and then end up as an artisan was not satisfactory, so Makerere became academic. “All qualifications in Education, Agriculture, and Veterinary and Human medicine were diplomas. The holders of these qualifications went out to be assistants to the colonial masters who had degrees from their various universities in their country” said Mr Kalema.
It was until 1947 that the Carr-Saunders Commission recommended that Makerere becomes a university offering degrees of the University of London. By mid-1930’s, the institution had already started admitting students from Kenya, Tanganyika (Now Tanzania) and Zanzibar.
Unlike today, when the average age of students attending universities is 20, the average age at the time was 30. The students were those who had left their own homes and families and they were not only mature but also serious about their studies. At the time, the equivalent of A-Level was done at Makerere for two years on top of the twelve years in school.
The year 1949, this was when the institution decided that students in second year will finish with Diplomas and those that had joined the university in the same year would start on a degree course. The first recipients of a Bachelor’s degrees spent five years at the institution. However, this was changed years later when the duration was reduced to three years after a few selected schools started offering A-level studies. At the time of the start of the degree courses, the student population stood just under 500-housed under Sseppuuya, Bamugye, Nsubuga and Sejongo Halls all in the southern part of the campus.
The dominant schools that sent students to the university were in Uganda- Nyapea, St. Peters Tororo, Jinja College Mwiri, Namilyago Boys School, Kisubi, Old Kampala, Kings College Buddo, Nyakasura School and St Leo’s Kyegobe. Two schools from Kenya, Alliance High School and Mangu Boys School sent student to the best university in the region while; Zanzibar Secondary School, Tabora boys contributed students from Tanzania.
Today, the situation has changed with at least 20,000 schools from within the country and those from all over the continent and the world able to send students to Makerere. On campus Halls of residence have not only grown to 12 but have been dominated by private hostels that dot all the sides of the hill where Makerere stands. Private rentals some as far away as Kasubi, Nakulabye, Bwaise and Kawempe are accommodating thousands of students.
The first twenty or so years at the university were an all-boys affair. It was in the mid 1940’s that a consideration for the admission of females was seriously considered with the first lot enrolling in 1945. All were adult students and two had been trained as teachers at Buloba Teacher Training College.
The first female student to qualify to enter Makerere was Catherine Senkatuka from Buddo, followed by Sarah Ntiro who also went on to become the first female to get a University degree in East and Central Africa. Today, female students are competing favourably with boys after an effort bolstered by an additional 1.5 points awarded to female A-level leavers to give them a higher competitive advantage aimed at breaking male dominance but also give women a chance in a male dominated world.
The 1.5 point scheme started in 1995. The Female Scholarship Fund whose current patron is Lady Sylvia Nagginda, the Queen of Buganda also helps coordinate other initiatives to enable female students access tuition and other support.
One of the most important aspects of the university at the time was that the teaching staff was all white and the students all black except for the Zanzibaris. It is rumoured that two very bright Zanzibari Clinical students were deliberately failed and discontinued from the university because they were of mixed blood, at the time referred to as Mullatos [people from black and white parents].
This was because the British did not want them to be classified as whites and hence have privileges of the masters. Dr Martin Aliker while giving his honorary lecture speech, he said that the current liberalness with which the university treats students was unheard of during its colonial days. “Today we talk of retaking exams, female students taking maternity leave, students being excused from doing an exam because they have lost a family member. These are luxuries that did not exist” Dr Aliker observed.
In the professional fields, Agriculture probably because it was the main occupation of many Africans and would produce cash crops to the colonial government, was a favoured course by the colonial administrators as was education to provide the mass of clerical workers.
Though Veterinary and Human medicine were already existent, the leaders of the university who at the time were British, were reluctant to award the degrees lest the Africans become equal to the British vets and doctors and there by demand for better pay. It was after independence that the situation changed.
The Licentiate which the doctors had gotten before being converted into degrees with the stroke of a pen. Traces of the first graduation ceremony are scanty but however, university officials say it must not have been above 20 students. In contrast, today, the university unleashes a minimum of 10,000 students every January.
However, the challenges ahead for the institution are still enormous. To start with, the quality of students that is produced after they reach the field and cannot practice what they have learnt in class. To address this, the Deputy Vice Chancellor for Academics and Administration says that the institution needs a mechanism of partnering with organisations to take on students at an early education stage as a way to strengthen the internship program.
Cases of cheating of examinations accompanied by hiring of mercenaries to sit examinations and do research for students have been continuously been echoed from the public. The University is still interlocked in internal wrangles which have rendered many systems in the institution irrelevant.
Officiating the opening ceremony, President Yoweri Museveni urged the university to continue venturing in the science and technology research as the only way of survival.
fonte www.monitor.co.ugAbdu Kiyaga

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7 august 2012
Three more people had by yesterday tested positive of the Ebola virus and were admitted to Kagadi Hospital. The disease has so far claimed 16 lives inclusive of the 13 that died before the epidemic was officially declared.
Health officials in Kibaale District said they had discharged seven patients, three of whom are inmates who were admitted on suspicion of suffering from Ebola. “They have been given a resettlement package to help them re-unite with their families and live better lives” Mr Stephen Mfashingabo, the vice chairperson of the District Ebola Task Force, said.
They are part of the 29 patients who tested negative of Ebola and are being released gradually from hospital. They are also accompanied by counsellors to re-unite them with their respective families.
Earlier on, Dr Dan Kyamanywa, the Kibaale District health officer, said those that had tested positive were already on treatment, while those that tested negative were being examined to ensure that they regain enough strength before they are discharged.
The 3 that tested positive have been put on treatment and are closely monitored by the disease experts. 29 suspected cases have tested negative and are currently being screened by our officials to see who is in good shape to go back home” Mr Kyamanywa said. He added that Ebola contacts had increased from 353 by Sunday to 398 yesterday with medics following up 295 cases.
Not aware – However, Asuman Lukwago, the permanent secretary in the Ministry of Health, told Daily Monitor that he was not aware of any new positive cases. “The information I have captures up to yesterday night (Sunday night). There is no new case of Ebola. In case of any new case, we shall officially communicate.”
In Kibaale, the State Minister for Health, Dr Christine Ondoa, said the continued presence of the Ebola epidemic in the district is likely to need more funds than earlier anticipated, with at least Shs3 billion needed to control the disease. “It’s difficult to tell what outbreaks such as Ebola will cost because of their seriousness and complexity in managing them. The bills are so high. When I said we needed Shs3 billion, some people thought it was too much. But with what is happening, that is what we need” Dr Ondoa noted during her visit to Kagadi Hospital.
She said that the ministry was worried of how to manage the disease due to the high cost of protective gears, disinfectants and gallons of detergents.
fonte www.monitor.co.ugNicholas Kalungi, Francis Mugerwa & Ronald Tumusiime

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12 august 2012
Kiprotich led at the 37km mark, despite appearing to suffer discomfort in his leg minutes earlier, and went on to win Uganda’s first medal at London 2012.
His time of two hours, eight minutes and 11 seconds was 26 seconds clear of Kirui in second, with Kipsang a further 70 seconds back. Britain’s Lee Merrien finished 30th and team-mate Scott Overall was 61st.
Kipsang had taken up the running after Brazil’s Franck de Almeida’s early break and led at the halfway stage.
Kiprotich and Kirui caught him up to leave a three-way fight for the gold medal. The Ugandan looked to be struggling with an injury to the back of his leg, but unexpectedly surged to the front and pulled away. “It means a lot [to Uganda]” said Kiprotich. “Since 1972 we have never won a gold medal, so they are very happy.
Uganda’s last Olympic champion was 400m hurdler John Akii-Bua, who won gold at Munich in 1972.
fonte www.bbc.co.uk

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16 august 2012
The increased number of cheap, short-distance flights across East Africa is putting pressure on airlines to lower travel costs and give passengers value for their money. Reports indicate that the entry of Fastjet with plans of cheap short distance flights and Kenya Airways plans for low cost flights has become a threat to legacy carriers operating in the region.
In an interview with Daily Monitor, Kenya Airways communicatio ns manager, Chris Karanja said the a new low-cost carrier-Jumbo jet will soon be launched, a move that is likely to give the airline an edge over other players. “It will be a regional carrier for the Greater East Africa region to offer a service affordable to the locals” Mr Karanja said. FastJet also announced the launch of low-cost carriers offering travel tickets for as low as $20 (about Shs50,000).
Now, airlines plying the East African market will need to prepare for harder times; lest, they lose their market share to new competition.
According to recent reports from Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), there is an increase in the passenger traffic, as it grew by 7.5 per cent from 1,041,000 to 1,119,000 passengers respectively, in the quarter of the year ended in February 2012.
Packages by other airlines
– With such growing figures of travelers, experts say there is need for airlines to position themselves as a means of marketing themselves which KQ and FastJet are already undertaking.
Rwandair country manager, Dennis Rwiliriza, said just like other players, they are also planning new packages for the market “We are never relaxed. We are planning new offers for our passengers. Our packages are mainly seasonal and as we approach the festive seasons, we are in the kitchen, cooking.” He said amongst their plans is expansion to reach out to new destinations.
CAA speaks out
– But Ethiopian airlines country manager, Mrs Ermejechew Regassa earlier on told this newspaper that the number of players has not been duplicated by corresponding growth in the travelers; hence, affecting the market share of different airlines. However, Civil Aviation Authority said the move taken by these airlines is good for the market and the business environment.
The Acting Public Affairs Officer, Vianney Luggya, said “We therefore welcome fair competition as long as safety and service provision are not compromised.” There are about five regional airlines and 14 international airlines operating at the airport.
fonte www.monitor.co.ugFlavia Nalubega

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20 august 2012
Uganda’s tourism may have to wait much longer before the government can avail it adequate funds to unlock its potential so as to achieve faster growth. This comes after the government once again kept the tourism budget low even after it shortlisted the sector as one of the key priority sectors of the economy.
Tourism is one of Uganda’s highest revenue earners. In 2011, the sector contributed about Shs2.6 trillion (5 per cent) to overall GDP of about 13.1 trillion and contributed 8 per cent to employment. With Shs13 billion budget, Uganda’s tourism sector is one of the least funded in the region. Rwanda allocated 13 billion to its tourism sector, Tanzania allocated Shs25 billion while Kenya allocated Shs57 billion.
fonte www.monitor.co.ugNicholas Kalungi

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Cambio valuta: in data 28/08/2012 1 dollaro USA è pari a 2485 scellini ugandesi, 1 Euro è pari a 3107,8661 scellini ugandesi

UgandAbout è un servizio dell’Associazione Italia Uganda Onlus a cura di Simona Meneghelli

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