2017

01.02

UgandAbout

Ugandabout – gennaio 2017

di

Alcune notizie sull’Uganda e sull’Africa recuperate da internet nel gennaio 2017.

TOP TEN CELEBRITIES THAT SHOOK UGANDA IN 2016
1 january 2017

UGANDA, TERRA PROMESSA PER I PROFUGHI DEL SUD SUDAN
7 gennaio 2017

AUTOBIOGRAFIA. IO, GUARDIA DEL CORPO DI KONY IL TERRIBILE IN UGANDA
11 gennaio 2017

AFRICA/UGANDA – “NON VIOLENZA, UNO STILE DI POLITICA PER LA PACE” APPELLO DELL’ARCIVESCOVO DI GULU
14 gennaio 2017

UGANDA: STANDARDISED CONSULTATION FEES NOT SOLUTION TO UNAFFORDABLE HEALTHCARE
16 january 2017

UGANDA’S SCOOL FOR LIFE: EDUCATING OUT OF POVERTY
23 january 2017

UGANDA, IL PONTE CHE SALVA LA VITA
26 gennaio 2017

UGANDA, WHEN BUSES, MATATUS AND BODA BODAS BECAME OUR PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM
28 january 2017

UGANDA: GUARITO IL PRIMO PAZIENTE COLPITO DALLA TUBERCOLOSI MULTIRESISTENTE
28 gennaio 2017

FOR HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS FLEEING OF WAR, REACHING UGANDA CAMP MEANS SAFETY
29 january 2017

PARENTS BRACE FOR HIGH FEES HAS SCHOOLS OPEN
29 january 2017


TOP TEN CELEBRITIES THAT SHOOK UGANDA IN 2016
1 january 2016
The history that had for a long time seemed unalterable was rewritten. Yet there are individuals whose feats were the final screw to the nut that brought about the merrymaking when the landmarks were achieved.
Madina Nalwanga – The Ugandan story of Phiona Mutesi, the chess prodigy who changed her life was a beautiful one. Even better was that the movie about it, Queen of Katwe, was shot by American Film Producers, Walt Disney.
But the story telling would have fallen short without a befitting actor. And you would expect that in the presence of Oscar Winner, Lupita Nyongo and seasoned Nigerian actor, David Oyelowo, a young Madinah Nalwanga would do a shoddy job. But her acting was superb for a debutant.
Movie reviews across the world commended the youngster for her job. Creative Loafting, an online entertainment magazine based in the US wrote that Nalwanga was the true star of the movie.
An article dubbed ‘Nalwanga Shines In Acting Debut’ reads in part; “Though Disney’s marketing relies on Nyong’o and Oyelowo’s popularity, Nalwanga is the true star of the film. Despite her inexperience – this marks her first acting role – she delivers a heart wrenching performance on par with Nyong’o and Oyelowo, an Oscar winner and a Golden Globe nominee, respectively.
Nalwanga’s performance is stellar in its own right, but it probably helped that her childhood mirrors the real Phiona Mutesi’s: Nalwanga is also from the slums of Katwe and used to sell corn to help support her family.”
The movie also shone a spotlight on the talent that lies untapped as all the other actors were phenomenal albeit Nalwanga’s standing out. It also served as a lesson for Ugandan Film makers. But Madinah Nalwanga stays up there, with the big Hollywood stars.
fonte: http://www.newvision.co.ug/new_vision/news/1443084/personalities-moved-uganda-2016

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UGANDA, “TERRA PROMESSA” PER I PROFUGHI DEL SUD SUDAN ‘terra promessa’ PER I PROFUGHI DEL SUD SUDAN
7 gennaio
Vi portiamo nel nord dell’Uganda dove nei campi gestiti dall’UNHCR trovano assistenza i rifugiati del Sud Sudan Tweet 07 gennaio 2017 L’Uganda ospita circa un milione di rifugiati, la maggior parte in fuga dal Sud Sudan, gli altri dalla Repubblica Democratica del Congo e dal Burundi. È un paese esemplare nell’accoglienza: entro 36 ore dall’arrivo ai rifugiati viene dato un posto dove abitare e un pezzo di terra da coltivare. Una volta registrati possono circolare liberamente nel paese e cercare lavoro. Il campo di Bidibidi, aperto ad Agosto 2016, è uno dei più grandi al mondo, e ospita oltre 250.000 persone. Marcello Pastonesi ha realizzato questo reportage per l’Alto commissariato Onu per i rifugiati (UNHCR).
fonte: www.rainews.it

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AUTOBIOGRAFIA. IO, GUARDIA DEL CORPO DI KONY IL TERRIBILE IN UGANDA
11 gennaio 2017
Esce in Inghilterra il racconto autobiografico di una guardia del corpo del fondatore e capo della Lord’s Resistance Army, le famigerate milizie che hanno causato fino a oggi 30mila morti. Quando si chiude l’ultima delle 386 pagine, non può non venire in mente la celebre affermazione dell’Amleto di Shakespeare: «C’è del metodo in questa follia». Leggere When The Walking Defeats You significa conoscere la testimonianza diretta di una delle guardie del corpo di uno dei criminali più ricercati del mondo.
Parliamo di Joseph Kony, fondatore e capo del Lord’s Resistance Army, il famigerato Esercito di Resistenza del Signore: suo teatro d’azione il Nord Uganda, ma anche sconfinamenti in Sud Sudan, Repubblica Centrafricana, Repubblica democratica del Congo: ad oggi, è stato causa di 30 mila morti e 2 milioni di sfollati. Il 6 dicembre scorso davanti alla Corte internazionale dell’Aja è comparso il primo capo del Lra: Dominic Ongwen deve rispondere di 70 capi d’accusa per crimini di guerra. Leggere When The Walking Defeats You significa entrare in presa diretta all’interno di uno dei gruppi di miliziani più sanguinari del nostro tempo. E al contempo scoprire – ecco l’eco shakespeariana – che in questa follia alberga una razionalità impastata di equilibrismi politici, alleanze militari fatte e disfatte, tranelli diplomatici e agguati bellici ai vari tentativi di pace.
Forse non possiede la forza primordiale che ebbe Ishmael Beah, baby soldato della Sierra Leone, che con il suo acclamato Memorie di un soldato bambino (Neri Pozza) fece conoscere al mondo in forma letteraria quello che missionari, ong e tanti operatori umanitari purtroppo già conoscevano di loro: migliaia di bimbi innocenti tramutati in macchine di morte. Ma questo racconto di George Omona (nome finto per ragioni di sicurezza), un tempo aspirante maestro, grazie alla penna dal giornalista Ledio Cakaj (da poco edito in Inghilterra per Zed Books), rappresenta qualcosa significativo: come recita il sottotitolo, è il resoconto di prima mano della guardia del corpo di Kony, una delle decine di persone che il leader del Lra faceva istruire per difendere se stesso, i propri più stretti luogotenenti, le sue (circa) 60 mogli e gli innumerevoli figli, avuti grazie alla sottomissione schiavistica di ragazze e bambine rapite dai propri villaggi e dall’amore di casa.
Il racconto di George, dunque (classe 1988, lui reclutatosi volontariamente nel Lra in nome dello spirito di ribellione degli Acholi, l’etnia di riferimento del Lra). Grazie a lui è possibile conoscere in dettaglio cosa fa, come vive, come si organizza, cosa pensa, cosa decide un esercito di miliziani responsabile di tantissima sofferenza. Ad esempio viene ricostruito punto per punto il massacro di Atiak, il paese natale di George: il luogotenente di Kony, Otti, entra nel villaggio e uccide tutti i maschi dai 13 anni in su, 300 vittime. E le donne e ragazze finiscono schiave: ci sono quelle che Kony prende per sé per garantirsi una discendenza (George afferma di averne conosciute personalmente 17 ma di aver sentito che il leader aveva addirittura a 60/70 “consorti”).
Le ragazze in età prepuberale vengono rapite e usate come cuoche, baby sitter, factotum nella foresta. Il continuo vagare del gruppo di Kony per sfuggire alla cattura ed effettuare incursioni anti-governativi necessita di molte braccia che attrezzino tende, pasti, piani di difesa. George racconta che sono almeno 12 i pretoriani che custodiscono notte e giorno la tenda dove dorme il leader supremo (il Grande Maestro, il Capo degli spiriti alcuni dei nomi con cui è conosciuto internamente Kony), stando a una distanza di 30/50 yard dal suo giaciglio. Solo due uomini possono stare a guardia davanti alla tenda del boss. E in totale sono tra i 200 e i 250 gli uomini che costituiscono la Central Brigade, il gruppo che difende Kony da ogni evenienza.
Curiosità (amara per noi italiani): uno dei terroristi più ricercati del mondo, nascosto nelle foreste impenetrabili d’Africa (sebbene più di un missionario abbia denunciato come la sua non cattura sia voluta dai governi che teoricamente gli starebbero dando la caccia: averlo come spauracchio giustifica spese militari, controllo di certe zone in maniera militarmente ferrea, oppressione di determinate etnie e regioni…), ebbene Kony non gira armato fino ai denti. Ha con sé “solo” una Beretta 9 millimetri. E il testimone del libro racconta di non averlo mai visto (in 3 anni) sparare un solo colpo di pistola.
Ma come vivono i miliziani del Lra? George ricostruisce vari dettagli: non è permesso loro bere alcool, fumare né assumere droghe (però diversi generali si ubriacano di nascosto…). Camminano molto, si alzano presto alla mattina, si fermano per pranzo intorno alle 13, vanno a dormire verso le 20. Privi di orologi, devono ben presto imparare a orientare il proprio tempo guardando il sole o decifrando la posizione della luna. Si parlava sopra di «metodo nella follia ». Uno dei meriti del libro di Cakaj è proprio mostrare il livello “politico” e geopolitico del Lra, facendo capire come dietro la maschera di sanguinario rivoltoso Joseph Kony abbia una sagacia da giocatore di azzardo nel tessere legami internazionali sul piano diplomatico, facendo e disfacendo accordi e trattati.
Ad esempio si ricostruisce i contatti dei luogotenenti del Lra con l’allora presidente del Congo, Laurent Kabila, il quale in una lettera scritta accorda a Kony il diritto di entrare nel suo Paese. Così quando il Lra convoca i capi tribù della regione del Congo di Garamba, mostra tale lettera: i capi accordano ai miliziani il permesso di insediarsi nella loro regione in cambio della salvaguardia dei loro villaggi da ogni razzia. Sempre la testimonianza di George suffraga quello che analisti e osservatori hanno spesso rilevato: l’appoggio che il governo del Sudan ha dato al Lra in chiave anti- indipendentisti del Sud Sudan. George un giorno assiste all’incontro tra Kony e suoi generali con rappresentanti dell’esercito sudanese. Tanto che nel 2009 è lo stesso Kony a spingere perché il Lra si rifugi in Darfur «dove – dice – nessuno ci attaccherà».
E il racconto dei colloqui di pace, dei vari voltafaccia diplomatici di Kony in sedi internazionali, dimostrano la sfrontatezza spregiudicata di un miliziano la cui iniziale tensione ideale (difendere i diritti dell’etnia Acholi, sotto pressione da parte del regime del presidente-padrone Museveni) si è ben presta tramutata in un’assetata e unica ragione: la propria sopravvivenza a costo di qualunque violenza a discapito di tanti innocenti, che ne pagano l’altissimo prezzo.
fonte: www.avvenire.it

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AFRICA/UGANDA – “NON VIOLENZA, UNO STILE DI POLITICA PER LA PACE” APPELLO DELL’ARCIVESCOVO DI GULU
14 gennaio 2017
Gulu (Agenzia Fides) – Nel corso della dodicesima settimana di Preghiera per la Pace Annuale della Conferenza Episcopale di Gulu, mons. John Baptist Odama, Arcivescovo di Gulu, ha rivolto un accorato appello a tutti quelli che promuovono la violenza, invitandoli a fermare questo circolo e piuttosto a sostenersi l’un l’altro in modo pacifico. “Possa ogni cuore non promuovere la violenza! Possa ogni bocca non alimentare la violenza! Possa ogni sforzo fisico non incoraggiare la violenza!” ha invocato l’Arcivescovo.
L’incontro, in corso a Gulu dal 9 al 13 gennaio, vede riuniti tra gli altri oltre 5 mila ‘pellegrini per la pace’ provenienti da Uganda settentrionale, Sud Sudan, dall’arcidiocesi di Gulu, dalla diocesi di Nebbi, Arua e Lira (GANAL). Il tema è la ‘Non Violenza: Uno Stile di Politica per la Pace’, “scelto dalla preghiera per la pace in tutto il mondo promossa da Papa Francesco, tramite la quale invito tutti gli esseri umani a praticare la non violenza come un modo per promuovere la pace”, si legge nel comunicato pervenuto a Fides.
Mons. Odama si è rivolto in particolare ai pellegrini esortandoli a pregare per i Paesi del mondo dove si registrano ancora conflitti armati, come Sud Sudan, Somalia, Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq, Mali, Libya, Yemen, Repubblica Democratica del Congo (RDC), Repubblica Centro Africana (RCA), Nigeria, Gambia e Uganda.
L’Arcivescovo, che è anche Presidente della Conferenza Episcopale dell’Uganda e Presidente dell’ Acholi Religious Leaders’ Peace Initiative (ARLPI) ha avuto un ruolo chiave nella conclusione della ultra ventennale guerra dell’Esercito di Resistenza del Signore (LRA) nell’Uganda del nord.
fonte: www.fides.org

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UGANDA: STANDARDISED CONSULTATION FEES NOT SOLUTION TO UNAFFORDABLE HEALTHCARE
16 january 2017
The Uganda Medical and Dental Practitioners’ Council has come up with guidelines on consultation fees payable by patients and according to the registrar of the council, the move was prompted by the increasing cases of patient detention in hospitals or denial of services due to inability to pay.
While hospitals never pride themselves and would never wish to temporarily detain any person who has been successfully treated or clinically managed, standard consultation fees for doctors will not solve these unfortunate incidents. The move, while it’s welcome, is a bare scratch on the surface of the massive health systemic bottlenecks that need to be fixed in Uganda to reduce ‘patient detention’ or delay, and/or denial of clinical care. A cursory review of 10 selected Catholic hospitals (30 per cent of total hospital pool) for Financial Year 2015/16 indicates an aggregate financial loss of Shs 310,492,000 due to inability to pay treatment bills and/or escapees with, for example Nyakibale Hospital in Rukungiri District having lost Shs 180,702,950 due to patients who either failed to pay their treatment bills or outrightly escaped from hospital—35.5 per cent were ‘escapees’. Bishop Asili Hospital is Luweero District in the same year lost Shs 94 million for the same reasons.
These particular two hospitals are along traffic highway routes and routinely receive road accident victims.
Kamuli Mission Hospital in Kamuli district in Financial Year 2015/16 lost Shs 40,502,300 while Aber Hospital in Oyam District lost Shs 13 million in the same financial year due to the same reasons. The financial losses due to failure to pay treatment bills and escapees for majority of catholic-accredited hospitals has increased by averagely between 60 per cent to 90 per cent in the last three years yet average medical consultation fees in most of these hospitals has remained stable and ranges from Shs 5,000 to Shs25,000 at first contact in the out-patient department including visitation to the specialist. Patients who come direct for admission, surgery or emergencies are not charged consultation fees. In almost all of the above cases, no patients were detained and no persons’ properties were followed up to be sold or held to recover the losses. The best these hospitals do is to record, document and reflect the financial losses in their books!
What the setting of the medical doctors’ consultation fees by council could only help these hospitals is raise their consultation charges with now valid justification but it will not sort the inability to pay for treatment. These hospitals procure medicines and supplies, pay utilities, and pay their health workers from mainly user fee charges.
Catholic Hospitals will definitely continue to pursue Christ’s healing Ministry—the foundation of their existence, and therefore will never deny any one treatment but will need serious soul searching and genuine government support to reduce these financial losses in an environment of increasingly limited external/donor fund support.
Uganda boasts of a litany of well integrated and comprehensive health and social policies and policy propositions that could potentially avert these unfortunate experiences but is only slow or unable to implement and we will therefore remain to develop and propose ad hoc and isolated part solutions which largely provide false hope to the population. Standardised medical consultation fees will minimally benefit the patient. The Ministry of Health and the councils need to revisit the dust-gathering policy documents to fix patient detention problems, denial of proper medical care – which also shows itself in hasty referrals to avoid accumulated treatment bills. Policy makers and key stakeholders in health need to sit at a round table and genuinely discuss and fix the dysfunctional health care system of Uganda.
fonte: www.allafrica.com

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UGANDA’S SCOOL FOR LIFE: EDUCATING OUT OF POVERTY
23 january 2017
Can teaching entrepreneurship skills help Ugandan students to break the cycle of poverty and youth unemployment? In the 21st century, for many young people “finding a job” is just not an option. And in Uganda, with youth unemployment at around 66 percent, the highest rate in Africa, schools need to tailor their education to meet the different needs of society. Educate! is an experience-based education model where a mentor goes into a secondary school with 40 “scholars”. The mentor spends time with the scholars, delivering sessions on entrepreneurship, leadership, critical thinking and problem solving.
The pedagogy enables the use of games, group work and encourages public speaking. The scholars are encouraged to set up businesses, which are open to everyone in the school. They are also encouraged to be responsive to the needs of their local communities. “Uganda has such a huge young demographic. Over 70 percent of the population is actually young people under the age of 30, and the challenge that we are having is that there is a mismatch between the number of students that graduate from school, and the available jobs in the market,” Emmanuel Kalyebi, the programme coordinator of Educate!, says.
Educate! focuses on making entrepreneurship – not just the theory, but the practice of it – a key part of what they offer. “One of the things you go through in Uganda’s education system [is that] they give you a lot of theoretical knowledge … What typically happens to most of us is that after school you cannot find employment. You don’t have the right skills to get employed. So, if an employer is going to give you a job, they have to first train you again [with] skills that ideally education should be providing to you,” Kalyebi says.
Lilian Aero Olok joined the Educate! project in 2009 while she was at secondary school. Her project provides counselling and community support to more than 100 widows and women affected by HIV/Aids. She mobilises funds for the project by teaching women how to make recycled paper beads which she then buys from them. She is now working with more than 230 women and exports the beads all over the world. “I want to see a change, I want to see a transformation from being an impoverished community to being a middle income-earning community, because poverty, HIV/Aids and single motherhood and widowhood is so high in this area … Running my own business has helped me pay for myself at school, it has also helped me take my daughter through school, and it also helped me get the lovely house that I have now,” Lilian says. Educate! currently works in more than 350 schools in Uganda, with another 100 lined up in the near future. Its vision for 2024 is to measurably impact one million students, and reach four million students more broadly, across Africa each year. The film follows a mentor and the “scholars” as they set up a new business in the school. We also track the students as they juggle their studies, home life, and the pressure of making the business successful.
fonte: www.aljazeera.com

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UGANDA, IL PONTE CHE SALVA LA VITA
26 gennaio 2017
Arrivato dentro il bosco di Busia, dove un torrente segna il confine geografico tra Sud Sudan e Uganda e dove Unhcr ha costruito un ponticciolo di legno per consentire un passaggio a chi passa da lì per fuggire dalla guerra, mi viene alla mente una frase che ritorna ogni volta che mi trovo su un territorio di guerra, una frase terribile che Primo Levi scolpì in ‘Se questo è un uomo’: «Perché la memoria del male non riesce a cambiare l’umanità? A che serve la memoria?». Forse non c’è considerazione più amara sul nostro essere umani. Se l’esperienza del passato non conta, in cosa siamo diversi dall’animale, che invidiamo proprio per la sua smemoratezza? E l’Uganda è memoria.
In qualche modo è memoria viva, stratificata, archeologica, delle guerre di questa parte martoriata di centro Africa. Superati i propri conflitti degli anni Ottanta – la famosa “Operazione Bonanza” in cui morirono trecentomila persone – e aver prodotto a sua volta un altissimo numero di rifugiati, ora l’Uganda è un modello di accoglienza non soltanto in Africa, ma nel mondo. Questo paese inaspettatamente verdissimo, dove dal lago Victoria ha origine il divino Nilo, ospita un milione di rifugiati, stratificati negli anni da tutti i paesi limitrofi che hanno conosciuto la guerra (Sudan, Darfur, Sud Sudan, Congo, perfino Somalia ed Eritrea).
Di là dal ponticello ci sono due ragazzi di forse diciott’anni, con Ak-47 vecchi e calcati sulle spalle. Jeans, due magliette consumate, una rossa del Liverpool, l’altra bianca. Sono soldati delle milizie dei ribelli, presidiano il confine della provincia sudsudanese di Morobo. Dieci giorni fa, di là dal ponte ci sono stati combattimenti tra i governativi e i ragazzi con i kalashnikov: sono morti in nove, le pallottole hanno colpito anche due migranti, due ragazze. Di qua dal ponte, miliziani in divisa, l’esercito regolare ugandese. Sono settimane che stanno qui di pattuglia, ormai si conoscono con i ribelli: si scambiano saluti e gesti d’intesa attraverso il corso d’acqua.
Tra i due gruppi armati transita il fiume costante di chi fugge la guerra. La guerra in Sud Sudan, il più giovane paese del mondo, ricco di petrolio, è una guerra violentissima e terribile, che ricorda da vicino i metodi del genocidio ruandese del 1994. Da quando, nel 2011 – appena uscito dall’altro infinito (scoppiato nel 1955) e sanguinosissimo (due milioni e mezzo di morti) conflitto per l’indipendenza dal Sudan dell’integralista islamico Jafar a-Nimeyri – il Sud Sudan si è ritrovato autonomo, le etnie rivali hanno preso a martoriarsi.
La prima fase della guerra è scoppiata nel dicembre del 2013, quando le milizie di etnia Dinka fedeli al presidente Kiir hanno iniziato ad attaccare quelle di etnia Nuer dell’ex vicepresidente Machar. Il 7 luglio del 2016, poi, nella capitale Juba è scoppiata la seconda parte del conflitto, che vede sempre l’esercito governativo Dinka adesso contro un più vasto esercito di ribelli, di cui fanno parte i due ragazzini-vedetta, che raggruppa gruppi etnici avversi ai Dinka: gli Shulluc, gli Acholi, i Lotuhu, oltre ai Nuer.
fonte: www.espresso.repubblica.it

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UGANDA, WHEN BUSES, MATATUS AND BODA BODAS BECAME OUR PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM
28 january 2017
This piece started life as a self-congratulatory tweet by the @UgandaUPF (Uganda Police) #fikasalama team on Iganga Road. They had arrested a lorry carrying natives either on their way to the market, a wedding or burial (the things we natives usually go to in groups). The photo in the tweet showed the passengers squatting in the back (flat bed) of the lorry to evade surveillance or for safety. I have been in the back of a lorry several times, so I suppose it was a bit of both. My response was to congratulate the police for ‘arresting’ the natives. They seemed not to appreciate the fact that their lives were in danger.
Indeed operation Fika Salaama (arrive safely) has done a lot to save us from the horrors we were witnessing, especially on “Massacre” road. But, being my true self, I just couldn’t let it go, because the irony of the bigger picture. Arresting natives without formally providing an alternative means of conveyance was in my opinion rather blasé. “What happened to Uganda Transport Company?” I tweeted.
This particular tweet elicited quite a number of responses from friends and we soon got into an argument about whether we had a transport system or not. One of the learned ones insisted that we had a public transport system and this consisted of all the private operators who were licensed by government to provide public transport. I argued that those were business people taking advantage of the situation and did not constitute what in transport economics is referred to as a functioning public transport system. If it were not primarily profitable, they wouldn’t be out there providing that service.
Many tweets later, I promised the enthusiastic defender of the ‘transport system’ I would get to explaining the attributes of a public transport system. First a public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is a shared passenger-transport service which is available for use by the general public, as distinct from modes such as taxicab, carpooling, or hired buses, which are not shared by strangers without private arrangement. That is the easy part, which can be accessed by a few clicks.
But a transport system has certain characteristics that make it worth being called a public transport system. Four of the most critical are as follows. First, a public transport system has a seamless infrastructure design with connections between different modes of transport like road, rail and ferry. Thus if one landed at Entebbe, and hopped on to a public transport system, he/she should be able to travel with one ticket from Entebbe to Kampala, hop onto the train and travel to Jinja, and then hop onto a ferry at Masese and travel to Migingo with the same ticket! That is referred to as an automatic fare collection system (AFCS).
Second, a public transport system has recognised and approved schedules or timetables. A public transport system is organised in such a way as to recognise peak and off peak times. At peak times, additional vehicles are laid on and people are transited as fast as possible to get to work and the like. I am not aware of a matatu timetable as the matatu brother Joachim uses drives away the moment it is full. Third, the transit vehicles must be uniform and standardised for recognition by commuters, based on the routes they ply.
Lastly, and more important (which was the reason I was tweeting about UTC), fares on a public transport system must be means tested. In lay language that the fares must be arrived at based on a basket of goods consumed by ordinary people. The general public should generally be able to afford those fares, for purposes of commuting to work and for social issues. But the natives would never know these things, would they?
Samuel Sejjaaka is the country team leader at Abacus Business School.
fonte: www.monitor.co.ug

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UGANDA: GUARITO IL PRIMO PAZIENTE COLPITO DALLA TUBERCOLOSI MULTIRESISTENTE
28 gennaio 2017
Lorengachora (Agenzia Fides) – Il Centro di salute di Lorengachora, in Uganda, ha festeggiato il primo paziente al quale era stata diagnosticata la tubercolosi multiresistente a essere stato dichiarato clinicamente guarito, dopo due anni di terapia. Si tratta di uno dei tanti risultati che Medici con l’Africa Cuamm porta a casa. Nell’autunno del 2014, infatti, il Cuamm ha iniziato un intervento per debellare la patologia nella regione della Karamoja, grazie anche al supporto del FAI (Fondation Assistance Internationale) e del Gruppo di appoggio – Ospedale di Matany di Milano.
La tubercolosi multiresistente è una patologia che si propaga facilmente, in particolare negli ambienti affollati, ma che, soprattutto, è lenta e difficoltosa da curare. Secondo quanto riferisce il Cuamm, i pazienti identificati fino ad ora sono 13 in tutta la regione: vengono curati in casa, ma fanno riferimento al Centro di salute. L’organizzazione interviene in tutte le fasi: provvede ai trasporti, controlla la disponibilità dei farmaci e supervisiona il personale locale. All’inizio si occupava anche di fornire il cibo ai pazienti in trattamento che non riuscivano a provvedere a se stessi. Poi il governo nazionale ha accettato di prendersi in carico questo aspetto.
fonte: www.fides.org

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FOR HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS FLEEING OF WAR, REACHING UGANDA CAMP MEANS SAFETY
29 january 2017
When fighting became frequent in his country South Sudan, Gwongo Paul Dada decided to leave. The journey involved two days of walking with his wife and 3-year old son before they arrived at a refugee camp in Uganda, he said. “We would walk during the day and sleep on the way,” Dada told ABC News. “My son got sick on the way and we didn’t have enough food and water. Hunger became the biggest problem.” He said they had to leave behind some belongings, including food, because they were too heavy to carry. “It pained my heart to leave because before the war we were OK in South Sudan,” he said. “We lived a very good life and had water and proper food, and then from there, we were forced to move.”
The debate over the global refugee crisis centers on refugees who cross the Mediterranean into Europe, but nine out of 10 flee to low- or mid-income countries, according to the Norwegian Refugee Council. In 2016, Uganda received more refugees than the total number of refugees and migrants who traveled to Europe by sea, said the NRC. Dada is one of nearly 490,000 refugees who fled from South Sudan to Uganda last year while some 360,000 people crossed the Mediterranean into Europe. “Europeans, Americans and others who believe they’re having a massive influx of refugees live in a myth,” Jan Egeland, secretary general of the Norwegian Refugee Council, told ABC News. “The poor are generous and welcoming and we the rich are increasingly xenophobic and unwelcoming to those who desperately need protection.”
The Bidibidi refugee camp in northern Uganda was created less than six months ago and has quickly grown to become the second-largest refugee settlement in the world, the NRC said. It currently houses over 270,000 South Sudanese refugees, including Dada. At the end of 2016, more refugees sought safety in Uganda per day than in many wealthy European countries the entire year, according to the NRC. “The reason for the enormous flow of refugees to Uganda is that South Sudan is completely unraveling before our eyes. There is an ethnic cleansing going on there,” Egeland said.
Hundreds of people were killed in South Sudan during a fresh outbreak of violence last July and more than 200 people were raped, according to a United Nations report published earlier this month. Rivalry between President Salva Kiir and former First Vice President Riek Machar led to a civil war in 2013 that has killed thousands of civilians and displaced two million, according to Human Rights Watch. People are often killed because of their ethnicity or perceived political ties, international organizations say. “I felt my life was in danger. Some people were taken in the night hours and were killed,” said Dada. “Sometimes, when someone has a problem with you, they can accuse you of being on the side of the rebel group or the government and then you are killed.”
Dada said his cousin was one of those killed. He went missing for a week before his body was found. Dada said he doesn’t know if he were killed by rebels or other forces. His parents and brothers are still in South Sudan and he said he’s trying to think of a way to bring them out of the country. He said he is not always able to reach them by phone. “I don’t know how they are living,” he said. “I can only communicate with them sometimes. We communicated last week and they told me they were okay.” In South Sudan, Dada said he worked for the East African Ministry as a hygiene promoter and he said he got a similar job quickly after he arrived at the Bidibidi camp on Nov. 8. He educates people in the camp about hygiene by organizing plays and drama groups. “It’s very important for avoiding contagious diseases like cholera,” he said. Dada and his family were welcomed into the refugee camp and life there is good, he said, but the water supply is small compared to the number of people in the camp. “Water used to come twice a day, now it’s once a day,” he said. He said he plans to move back to South Sudan once the situation there improves. “Even right now I would like to go back to South Sudan,” he said. “When South Sudan is a peaceful country, we will be going back.”
Uganda is currently home to more than 640,000 refugees from South Sudan. That number is expected to rise to 925,000 by the end of 2017, said the NRC. Uganda also hosts refugees from Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Somalia and other countries, according to the NRC.
fonte: www.abcnews.go.com

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PARENTS BRACE FOR HIGH FEES HAS SCHOOLS OPEN
29 january 2017
Mr John Baptist Balagadde, a trader in Masaka Town, has four school-going children and one of them is a Senior One entrant. As the reporting date nears, Mr Balagadde dreads what lies ahead as he has to feed the family and look for school fees. He needs Shs4 million for the first term. “I could have sold my bananas or coffee to pay fees for my children, but I recorded poor harvests due to dry spells. This business can only fetch me less than Shs500,000 as profit in a month,” he says. One of his children joining Senior One wants to join Kibuli SS and they need at least Shs1.6 million for fees and requirements.
But Mr Bagaladde is just a reflection of the dilemma many parents across the country are faced with. Ms Dorothy Nalule, a mother of three, of which two are in upper primary and one is in Senior Two, says all schools that her children attend have raised fees. She cites Masaka SS which is charging Shs600,000, up from Shs580,000 last year. “By all means, we will have to send our children back to school even if it needs securing loans so that we pay back later, but also the bank rates are very high,” she says. “Some schools, especially primary ones ask for juice or milk cartons but when you ask the children, they tell you they are not given such things while at school. You now wonder where such items are taken,” Ms Nalule says.
Ms Nalule may be lucky to take her children back to school.
But for Ms Margaret Tebatenda, 40, a resident of Nyendo, a Masaka suburb, her story is different. She says her son, who is supposed to join Senior One, may have to suspend school as she looks for money. “My husband died in an accident last year and I struggled to have my boy sit exams. The only option left for him is to look for employment in motor garages nearby,” she says. In Mbale District, a section of parents interviwed, described the set school fees as unrealistic. Ms Hadijah Namasaba, a mobile money agent on Republic Street, says she has struggled to find a better school with affordable fees for her son who scored Aggregate 13 in Primary Leaving Examinations in vain.
“I went to one of the good schools; the school bursar told me they have increased fees for Senior One students from Shs295,000 to Shs350,000. I gave up. I am now looking for another school,” she says. Another parent, Mr Adam Werrikhe, says apart from hiked fees, they are also not satisfied with unexplained school requirements. “These things are designed by schools to fleece us. Our children tell us that many of the items schools request for, are not even used at school, where do they go?” he asks.
A parent who plans to take his child to Mbale Progressive High School will part with Shs550,000 for boarding section and Shs200,000 for day without other school requirements. Solomon Mafabi, a parent, says he has reduced his budget and also foregone other household needs to be able to take his five children to school this term.
fonte: www.monitor.co.ug

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Cambio valuta: in data 31/01/2017 1 dollaro USA è pari a 3577 scellini ugandesi, 1 Euro è pari a 3859,5166 scellini ugandesi.
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