Ugandabout – marzo 2017


Alcune notizie sull’Uganda e sull’Africa recuperate da internet nel marzo 2017.

1 march 2017

1 march 2017

5 march 2017

5 march 2017

6 march 2017

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6 march 2017

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21 march 2017

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22 march 2017

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23 marzo 2017

26 march 2017

1 march 2017

The country has tied loans for infrastructure to future oil revenues, but experts fear that such borrowing could trigger a financial crisis.
In a hamlet, 7km south-west of Uganda’s capital Kampala, a group of cyclists rests under the shade of a flyover under construction. They watch as heavy-load vehicles full of building materials race past. “I can’t wait to ride on this road when it’s complete,” says one of the group.
The flyover forms part of the 51km Kampala-Entebbe espressway, linking the city and Entebbe international airport. It is costing $476m (£383m) and is due to be finished in 2018, one of the major infrastructure projects taking shape in east Africa’s third largest economy.
Another is the 600MW dam being built on the Nile in Karuma, 264km north of the capital, for an expected cost of up to $1.65bn (£1.33bn).
Meanwhile, discussions are continuing about the construction of a $3.2bn railway from Kampala to the Kenyan port of Mombasa, 1,152km to the east. And Uganda will soon begin construction of a $4bn refinery and a $3.5bn crude oil pipeline to support its nascent oil and gas sector.
All these projects have one thing in common: they depend on borrowed money, mainly from China.
The infrastructure boom has increased Uganda’s exposure to debt and there are fears the country could be headed for a financial crisis. Enock Nyorekwa, an infrastructure economist for the EU delegation in Kampala, says: “The [debt] risks have become more pronounced. The question remains whether [this kind of] debt is generating the growth or dividends.”
The country’s external debt has grown rapidly. It was estimated at $10.7bn at the end October, according to the Bank of Uganda.
Uganda’s public debt (pdf) burden has risen by 12.7% from 25.9% of GDP in 2012-13 to 38.6% in 2016-17. It is projected to rise to 45% by 2020.
In a December 2016 report, Uganda’s central bank warned: “There are perceptions in the market that Uganda may not be able to service its rising debt levels.”
While the International Monetary Fund (IMF) says Uganda remains at low risk of debt distress (pdf), it acknowledges the country is on a “grey” list of those likely to be overburdened by debt.
Kampala has pegged much of the borrowing for projects on the prospect of future oil revenues. The country has confirmed 6.5bn barrels of oil reserves with up to 1.7bn commercially viable. Production is expected by 2020 at the earliest. Yet a fall in the price of oil since 2014 raises uncertainty for prospecting states like Uganda.
The experience of Ghana, which discovered oil in 2007 and went on a spending spree, suggests the need for restraint. In 2015, Ghana agreed to a $1bn IMF bailout so it could service its debts.
“What I am afraid of is that public debt may crowd out service delivery. We may not be able to provide services [in] order to repay debt,” says Paul Lakuma, a research fellow with the Kampala-based Economic Policy Research Centre. Only 20% of Uganda’s 36 million people have access to electricity, and basics such as access to clean water are a rarity, according to the 2014 national census. As many as 24 million Ugandans (68%) rely on subsistence farming. At least 12% of Uganda’s budget in financial year 2017-18 will go to servicing debt. This is more than key sectors such as health, education and agriculture will receive.
Public debt fears are rippling across sub-Saharan Africa. Last year, the sovereign rating firm Fitch said government debt-to-GDP ratio for the region was rising to unprecedented levels.
The poor state of infrastructure in sub-Saharan Africa – electricity, water, roads and railway – cuts national economic growth by 2% to 3% every year, according to the World Bank. It reduces productivity and leaves millions of people poor.
Many countries are borrowing to solve these constraints. Between 2010 and 2016, at least a dozen sub-Saharan African countries, including Tanzania, Namibia, Rwanda, Kenya and Ethiopia, issued sovereign bonds to fund infrastructure.
Kenya’s public debt has reached at least 52.8% of GDP and there are warnings that it is getting out of hand. Last year, the UN warned that high borrowing by African countries could trigger debt crises like those seen in the 1980s and 1990s.
On her visit to Uganda in January, the IMF’s managing director, Christine Lagarde, said mobilising more domestic revenue was key to avoid falling into debt distress. “Relying on borrowing alone to finance infrastructure would be unworkable because debt would become too high. More revenue from taxes needs to be mobilised,” Lagarde said.
Uganda was a beneficiary of debt relief under the IMF and World Bank’s heavily indebted poor countries initiative in 2000.
As debt stock grows, revenues have not grown at the same pace to match public debt servicing obligations. In November, Moody’s downgraded Uganda’s long-term bond rating and said debt as a percentage of revenues had risen by 54% since 2012 and is expected to exceed 250% by 2018.
“Debt affordability is also deteriorating, in part due to a shift in composition of the debt burden towards non-concessional borrowing,” Moody’s said. “Debt affordability has been a persistent vulnerability for Uganda, and the higher debt burden combined with the shift in financing sources will lead to further deterioration.”
Yet despite debt distress fears mounting, half of Uganda’s borrowed funds had not been disbursed by the end of October. This means the country continues to borrow money without proper plans of when and where to spend it.
In September, the World Bank suspended new lending to the country. It said: “Ugandan authorities [must] address the outstanding performance issues in the [debt] portfolio, including delays in project effectiveness, weaknesses in safeguards monitoring and enforcement, and low disbursement.”
In an earlier assessment of Uganda’s investment strategy, the Bank said the country had not been getting value for money on investments on most public projects over the past decade. It found Uganda’s projects were characterised by “endemic delays in implementation, cost overruns, and corruption means that sometimes projects come in at twice the original cost”.
The Bank added: “For every shilling invested in the development of Uganda’s infrastructure, less than a shilling (about 70%) of economic activity has been generated.”
The Kampala-Entebbe expressway may add glamour to the changing face of the capital, but the benefits may not outweigh the heavy costs.
fonte www.theguardian.com – Alon Mwesigwa

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1 march 2017
The study conducted by World Linguistic Society names Uganda as top, followed by Zambia, South Africa and Kenya.
Uganda has been named the best English Speaking country in Africa. The study conducted by World Linguistic Society names Uganda as top, followed by Zambia, South Africa and Kenya.
According to reports, the study revelations have risen amid video from a Miss Rwanda contestant who reportedly failed to express herself in English. In 2015, one of the beauty queens in the Miss Rwanda pageant, Uwase Honorine, could hardly answer questions asked by the judges.
Rwanda, a former French speaking country embraced English after a fall out with France, marking the move from francophone to Anglophone political divide.
English is Uganda’s official language and the language of instruction in schools and institutions in the country. Children start studying the language as early as pre-primary school.
Recently, the Government instructed schools to teach in vernacular in the lower primary, but still maintained English as a subject in the children’s curriculum.
Top English speaking countries in Africa
1. Uganda
2. Zambia
3. South Africa
4. Kenya
5. Zimbabwe
6. Malawi
7. Ghana
8. Botswana
9. Sudan
fonte http://www.newvision.co.ug

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5 march
We’re ready for the fight against the AIDS scourge through sensitization among our people to embrace blood testing.
The Kabaka of Buganda Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II has launched an HIV prevention campaign aimed at sensitizing married men and youthful boys to embrace the preventive measures including blood testing. This was during the celebrations of Buganda Health Day which were held at Buvuma county headquarters at Maggyo on Saturday under the theme “Lets join together to fight HIV/AIDS with men at the forefront.” The Kabaka urged men to come out and test to know their health status.
Mutebi said “We’re ready for the fight against the AIDS scourge through sensitization among our people to embrace blood testing which will enable them to know their health status. And we hope that all men will together join hands in this campaign.”
On the same function the UNAIDS Regional Director for Eastern and Southern Africa , Dr. Sheila Tlou noted the rate at which HIV is spreading in Uganda is worrying and needs urgent action which includes bringing men into the fight against the disease.
Tlou said “A total of 1.4 million people in Uganda are living with HIV/AIDS of those 40,000 are in Buganda Kingdom. 56% of the death rates are men and 44% are Women. Men have declined the testing method as a way of HIV prevention.”
UNAIDS has designated Kabaka Mutebi II to be its ambassador in Africa where he is going to use his influence to woo men into the fight against the disease.
For his efforts in sensitizing Ugandans in the fight against HIV/AIDS, Mutebi was appreciated by UNAIDS with  an appreciation plague.
Katikkiro Charles Peter Mayiga urged the People of Buganda and Uganda at large to take the Kabaka’s message because the disease has retarded the development of the country.
During the health week, Dr. Ben Kiwanuka Mukwaya, the health minisiter in Buganda kingdom said “4269 people received medical services”.
The Kabaka urged kingdom officials including the Katikkiro, lukiiko members and clan heads to see that HIV testing centres are put at every county headquarter. He also appealed to religious, political, civil society leaders and the media to join the fight.
The function was attended among others; Kabaka ministers,clan heads,saza chiefs, area members of parliament, Buganda caucus chairperson Johnson Muyanja Ssenyonga, Mukono municipality MP Betty Nambooze, district leaders and Buvuma county leaders led by saza chief Patrick Nsubuga Mbuubi.
fonte www.newvision.co.ugDickson Kulumba

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5 march
A new government report is warning that the number of people facing food insecurity in Uganda will rise to at least 11,000,000 by the end of this month. The Ugandan government blames the problem on prolonged drought that has affected the country over the past 2 years. Press TV’s Daniel Arapmoi in Eastern Uganda has spoken with some affected people and sent us this report.
fonte www.presstv.irDaniel Arapmoi

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6 march
Moroto — The UPDF 3rd Division commander in Karamoja, Brig Dick Olum last Thursday expressed fear over suspected rearmament in the sub-region.
Speaking at a cross border peace meeting between the Turkana and Karimojong pastoralists in Moroto District, Brig Olum said the threats follow a surge in the number of illegal guns the army is collecting from locals compared to the previous years.
In the last five years, he said, the army could complete a month without recovering any gun. Currently, according to Brig Olum the UPDF recovers up to three guns monthly.
“It’s time again to step up operations because we suspect something is going in a wrong direction that might take us back where we picked Karamoja from,” Brig Olum said, adding that he suspects the guns to be coming into the region through the porous borders of Kenya and South Sudan.
fonte www.allafrica.com – Steven Ariong

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6 march
“We don’t want a situation where Kenya overshadows us in the stands at Kololo,” vowed local organizing committee chairman Domenic Otucet.
IAAF World Cross Country Ambassador Paul Tergat last week warned Uganda that Kenya would be sending huge numbers to back its team.
Kenyans are more enlightened about the biennial event because of the country’s rich history in the competition. Otucet and his team are also not sleeping. “We are also seriously mobilizing to ensure that we are in charge that day.”
The hosts have for starters given students free entry. “All they have to do is be in uniform. There is also a deliberate move to have higher institutions of learning well represented,” explained Otucet.
Uganda Athletics Federation has also involved the leadership in the Sebei region where the bulk of the team hails from. “We want them to come in big numbers and cheer their children. There is extra morale when you compete knowing your relatives are in the crowd.”
UAF is also using its delegate structure to mobilise support from the entire country.
State Minister for Sport Charles Bakkabulindi has on his part taken the mobilization to parliament.
“He has assured us of maximum cabinet and parliament presence at Kololo,” said Otucet.
In an incredible show of dominance, the senior men’s team race has been won by Ethiopia or Kenya every year since 1981 in both the short and long races.
These nations have enjoyed a similar strangle-hold on the junior men’s races since 1982.
In the senior men’s 12 km race, Kenya won the world championships for an astounding 18 years in a row, from 1986 through 2003, a record of unequaled international success.
Likewise on the women’s side, only one other nation has won the long team race since 1991: Portugal, in 1994. These nations were not quite so dominant in the short races, but they have won every women’s junior race since its introduction in 1989.
Only three African countries have previously hosted the world meet.
Morocco hosted the third edition in 1975. South Africa was next in 1996 before Morocco hosting again in 1998 and Kenya in 2007.
fonte www.newvision.co.ugJames Bakama

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6 march
Despite the large economic potential for honey production, many beekeepers in Uganda fail to produce and market enough honey to make a living from it.
Researchers comparing the household economies of marginal farmers in Uganda, have found that honey adds to the household income of many beekeepers yet this impact is still limited. Beehives were donated to poor households in the communities for them to improve their livelihoods given the lack of alternative income generating activities and the adverse effects of climate change on their traditional agricultural production.
The researchers suggest that beekeepers could make even more income from honey if they would be provided with more on-going training, equipment and support in using the modern beehives, most of which are donated or provided from charities or via government agencies.
Writing in PLoS ONE, Paul Cross from Bangor University and fellow authors conclude that the impact of beekeeping on income could be even larger if more ongoing support would be provided to beekeepers so that they are able to reap a greater profit or contribution to the household income, from the honey and other hive products, and that they should monitor their success rate over a longer time-period.
“As a beekeeper myself, I know that there’s a lot to learn about how to manage modern hives,” explains Cross of the University’s School of Environment, Natural Resources & Geography.
“From our experience, for Uganda to achieve the potential honey production, small scale farmers would need more support in terms of protective clothing and equipment and on-going practical training and support to enable them to benefit fully from these donations of modern more productive hives.”
Deborah Ruth Amulen a lecturer at Makerere University currently a PhD student of Ghent University, also studying at Bangor University, said: “There is still hope for beekeeping in Uganda, since farmers are very interested, they only need the right blend of support to succeed. Besides the high unemployment among these communities makes them yearn for meaningful livelihood alternatives and in the spirit of climate smart agriculture, beekeeping is a suitable choice”.
Guy Smagghe of Ghent University, said: “Yes indeed there is much of potential especially in northern Uganda honey to market as organic honey to Europe. Our research demonstrated that this honey is free of pesticide residues. So this extra income can sustain also a stable social community. The successful communities we visited in Kitgum for instance, can work as examples for the whole area. However, there is need for more and better on-going training in good beekeeping practices and diseases monitoring and control.
“As an entomology professor, one of the threatens is the massive numbers of small hive beetles that can be a destructive pest of honey bee colonies, causing damage to comb, stored honey and pollen. We saw thousands of these beetles in Uganda. I hope we can work in finding new effective and safe solutions as this invasive pest is also entering into Europe”.
Uganda currently harvests only 1% of a potential 500,000 tonnes of honey per year. Despite being only one of five countries in sub-Saharan Africa licenced to export honey to the EU, Uganda has failed to meet home-grown demands for honey, let alone export to this potential market.
The scientists’ socio-economic analysis of household incomes looked at bee-keepers and non-beekeepers within the same or similar communities. Those who were keeping bees were either using traditional hives, or a few modern hives. The research evidence suggests that the hives had been donated to the very poorest marginal farming households.
The research showed that those households which were keeping bees were relatively less wealthy that the non-beekeepers, and the hives were not making a significant contribution to improving their economic situation, contributing only 7% to the household income. They were not yet achieving their aims of increasing their household nutrition (in a country where sugar and cooking oil are perceived as luxury goods) or increasing their household income. The research suggests that this is due to a lack of knowledge and additional inputs that may be needed to increase honey production and enable its marketing.
Beekeeping alone may not be sufficient to alleviate the economic challenges faced by the poorest farmers, and if it is to be successful farmers need more training in hive management.

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6 march
President Yoweri Museveni over the weekend directed the minister of trade Amelia Kyambadde to identify items that Uganda can export to Ethiopia and make initiatives to enhance the exports.
The political leaders of Uganda and Ethiopia have asked their trade ministers to identify items that can be exported and imported between the two countries to boost trade and investment.
President Yoweri Museveni over the weekend directed the minister of trade Amelia Kyambadde to identify items that Uganda can export to Ethiopia and make initiatives to enhance the exports.
This was during the three day state visit to Uganda of the Prime Minister of Ethiopia Hailemariam Desalegn. This was during function took place at State House Entebbe to welcome Desalegn. The two leaders observed that a number of cooperative frameworks had been signed between the two countries but their implementation was behind schedule.
A communiqué issued after a tete- a- tete by the two leaders observed that trade between the two countries need to be prioritized.
“They observed that trade between the two countries needs to be enhanced. They agreed to finalise negotiations of a trade agreement to promote trade and encourage inter Ethiopia-Uganda investments. They directed their ministers to identify the obstacles to trade, negotiate and conclude the agreement on trade, investment promotion and protection,” read the communiqué.
During the meeting the two countries signed Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) on education and sports and women and children. The Ugandan state minister for primary education Rosemary Sseninde and the Ethiopian minister for youth and sports, Restu Yerda, signed the MoU on youth and sports.
The labour, gender and social development minister, Janat Mukwaya, and the Ethiopian minister for women and children, Hambisa Demitu, signed the other MoU.
Desalegn said Ethiopia was growing fast because it adopted the Asian model of development, where the Asian countries learn from one another and try not to leave their sister nations behind.
fonte www.newvision.co.ugJohn Odyek

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21 march

Tourism in Uganda is not only about viewing animals but also people and local products that reflect the true picture of African traditions and culture. Residents of Nakoosi in Mukono district have been told to promote tourism by touring their country before attracting foreigners.
State Minister for Tourism and Antiquities, Godfrey Kiwanda, said in order for Ugandans to entice other people to come visit, they must have full knowledge to tell a story that will draw attention to their tourism products. “Unless we discover ourselves, we will never tell the story of Uganda to others. Know about your country,” Kiwanda said.
He said Ugandans need to start composing and using songs to promote Uganda’s tourism industry.
While speaking at the official launch of Tulambule Mukono at Chakig Eco-tourism Centre at Nakoosi, Nakisunga Sub County, Kiwanda told the residents that tourism in Uganda is not only about viewing animals but also people and local products that reflect the true picture of African traditions and culture.
“We are putting emphasis on Mukono district because there is a lot of tourism potential in the area,” he said adding that they want to start connecting hotels to tourism centres to allow easy access. Among the tourism sites launched include Mugwanya Mausoleum Bukerere, Ham Mukasa Museum, Ssezibwa River falls, Ham Mukasa’s car which was among the first in Uganda and Ridar Hotel bandas.
Uganda was recently ranked 4th best among tourism centres in the world and the best in Africa.
State Minister for Water Resources, Ronald Kibuule, noted that Mukono as a model district has tourism potential to earn locals foreign exchange but it’s only those prepared who can get it.
“There is money in the Mukono district eco-system. But money will only come if locals don’t cut down trees,” Kibuule said.
Speaking at the same function, Mukono district chairman Andrew Ssenyonga asked Kiwanda through public service to recruit two tourism officers for the district. Senyonga also asked residents to preserve nature by fighting whoever is destroying the environment.
fonte www.newvision.co.ugNoah Jagwe

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21 march

Higher temperatures and more erratic rainfall caused by climate change threatens to cut harvests in the poorest and hungriest region of Uganda that already depends heavily on food handouts, a study showed on Tuesday.
The study was done by the Ugandan government with the support of the UN World Food Programme (WFP). It added that half of the population of Uganda’s remote north eastern Karamoja region depends on food aid,  due to high levels of poverty and heavy reliance on rainfed agriculture.
“The rainfall pattern has become more erratic, therefore the farmers cannot plan their planting seasons,’’ Siddharth Krishnaswamy, WFP’s chief food security analyst in Uganda, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. “Food security remains elusive.’’ People often have to beg, sell livestock or burn charcoal to sell when food runs out in the troubled region, which has a history of clan violence.
It would be 20 times cheaper to invest in climate change adaptation than do nothing, which could cost up to 5.9 billion dollars per year by 2025. The study recommended greater investment in water harvesting and agroforestry, the cultivation of drought-resistant crops, and giving people information on climate change and its impact. The rainy season in Karamoja is now two months longer than it was 35 years ago, researchers found. But the unpredictability of rains had undermined agricultural production.
Most people in Karam“The earlier adaptation measures are made the more resilient individuals, communities, organisations and countries will be.’’ oja, particularly women, were not aware that the climate had changed, the study found.
Those who noticed changes rarely took action to adapt to climate change because they did not know how
fonte www.businessdayonline.com

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22 march

WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) has launched the Uganda Biodiversity Fund with support from USAID (U.S. Agency for International Development) to help generate the resources needed to conserve Uganda’s wildlife and natural heritage. The Uganda Biodiversity Fund is a product of the USAID/Uganda Biodiversity Trust Fund Activity implemented by WCS under the USAID Leader with Associates Award for Sustainable Conservation Approaches in Priority Ecosystems (SCAPES).
The Uganda Biodiversity Fund will mobilize, manage, and channel financing in the form of grants and other financial support to institutions that are involved in implementation of work to protect key populations of elephants, gorillas, chimpanzees, and other species. The fund will also help to support world-famous protected areas such as Queen Elizabeth National Park and Murchison Falls National Park, and provide investments and financial support to protect ecosystems of importance for the economic livelihoods of communities throughout Uganda. The Uganda Biodiversity Fund launched on March 1st was attended by a number of government representatives and led by The Guest of Honour, Hon. Sam Cheptoris, Uganda’s Minister of Water and Environment, who represented the Prime Minister of Uganda. Other attendants included Ambassador Deborah R. Malac, the U.S. Ambassador to Uganda, as well as other development partners and diplomats. Representatives from other Non-Governmental Organizations and institutions of higher learning also participated in the event attended by over 200 people.
The Uganda Biodiversity Fund establishes a funding mechanism for long-term investments for donors from the government, development partners, and the private sector to help conserve biodiversity in Uganda. This conservation trust fund will also provide an avenue through which local organizations can access resources to promote and sustain their conservation efforts.
“As we launch this Biodiversity Fund today, let us be mindful of the intended benefits and the fact that these benefits should not only support the present generations but retain the capacity to support future generations,” said Hon. Cheptoris. The fund is being launched as the government of Uganda is searching for solutions to address a financing gap for biodiversity conservation, estimated to be $455 million annually. The willingness and sustained commitment of the development partners, private sector, government, NGOs, civil society organizations, and academics to conserve biodiversity was the key motivation for establishing this conservation trust fund.
“From our feasibility assessment coupled with consultations with key stakeholders and potentials donors, we’re confident that the Uganda Biodiversity Fund will help generate an additional $50 to $100 million in the next five to 10 years,” said Dr. Simon Nampindo, Country Director for WCS’s Uganda Program.
“Today, I am pleased to announce that the U.S. Government, through USAID, has made the first financial commitment to the Uganda Biodiversity Fund,” said Ambassador Malac. “In demonstrating our confidence in this new institution, we are providing a seed grant of $100,000 to support innovative approaches to conservation and to mitigate human-wildlife conflict in the Albertine Rift region.”
This is in addition to USAID funds that will support the operationalization and administrative functioning of this new institution during the first two years of its establishment.  In total, USAID has invested $2.5 million in the process of developing and launching the Uganda Biodiversity Fund.
Contributions to the fund can also be made by members of the private sector, foundations, and individuals. WCS thanks the Minister of Water and Environment, who made the first individual contribution of $1,400 to the fund.
“The Uganda Biodiversity Fund will help conservationists protect Uganda’s irreplaceable wildlife and wild lands with additional funding and a network of support from the international community,” said Dr. Timothy Tear, Executive Director for WCS’s Africa Program.
The Uganda Biodiversity Fund is managed by an independent and rigorously selected board of trustees and is built on internationally accepted standards of best practices for governance and management of conservation trust funds. WCS acknowledges support from the Government of Uganda and all stakeholders that have contributed to the establishment of this conservation trust fund.
fonte newsroom.wcs.org

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22 march

A child gets medicine to slow the development of HIV and hold off its progression into AIDS. But crucial to the proper functioning of these drugs is good nutrition.
Seven-year-old Esther Agutti weighs 7 kilos – a third of the weight of the average child her age.
She has been in hospital in Katakwi, eastern Uganda, for three days. She was painfully thin when she was admitted and had diarrhoea and vomiting, said Loyce Akelo, a senior doctor.
Esther’s family, who are farmers, have been hit hard by the drought that has scorched East Africa. They have had to ration the little food they have to survive – but this is particularly dangerous for Esther, who, like her parents, is HIV-positive.
Esther is receiving anti-retroviral (ARV) treatment – which slows the development of HIV and holds off its progression into AIDS. But crucial to the proper functioning of these drugs is good nutrition, doctors say. “The hospital has received 232 children, more than half of all the children on HIV medication in the district. They lack food and have been malnourished since the start of this year,” Akelo told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in Katakwi. “It is important that someone with HIV first takes a meal before taking on drugs.”
Poor nutrition can affect the absorption of the drugs in the body or leave the body less able to tolerate the medication.
Akelo said the hospital is giving Esther meals to help her take her drugs but the arrangement is just temporary and she will soon be sent home. Esther’s father, Moses Agutti, said the family was hoping to receive government food handouts but they weren’t yet being distributed in his village.
“We have been to the county offices and officials there have promised us that there will be food relief coming though they are not sure of when,” he said.
“I am struggling to get some food for the family from the garden. It’s not enough because of the drought.”
In December, Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni announced he was redirecting funds budgeted for roads to provide relief food to areas affected by drought and hunger.
DYING – A poor rainy season has led to extensive drought across East Africa, destroying crops and killing livestock. Uganda’s neighbour Kenya has already declared a national disaster, with the Red Cross estimating 2.7 million people are in need of food aid as a result of lack of rains. In Uganda, the worst affected districts are in the north and east, where district authorities have warned the drought may disrupt ARV treatment as HIV-positive children and their elder relatives are hungry and unable to take the drugs.
Walter Elakas, a district head in Katakwi, said parents of HIV-positive children are struggling to give their children a meal before midday.
David Tumwesigye, an official at the Ministry of Gender Labour and Social Development, said in a news conference last month 11.7 million Ugandan children are on the verge of dying of hunger and pneumonia due to lack of food and proper housing: that means about six in 10 children are starving.
“The situation has been worsened by the dry spell that has hit the country hard and if action is not taken many children are likely to die or have permanent effects on their health,” he said.
ADULTS TOO – An estimated 1.5 million people live with HIV/AIDS in Uganda, of whom nearly 100,000 are children under 15, according to UNAIDS.
The effects of drought are also felt by adults living with the virus. In Acholi village on the outskirts of Moroto town in northern Uganda, Teddy Adwin, a 30-year-old mother who was HIV-positive, was still being mourned a week after her death. Her sister, Mary Akol, who also lives with HIV, said Teddy was one of four in their family who had died during the drought.
“I feel dizzy after taking the drugs without having a good meal,” Akol said. “The medicine we take becomes toxic to the body whenever we miss a meal.”
Mariko Ingodi, an HIV-positive army veteran in Acholi, said doctors had warned him that he would die if he continued taking ARV drugs without food.
“Many of us have stopped taking the drugs as we can go three days without eating; we have resorted to eating the leaves of wild trees,” he said.
fonte allafrica.comYasin Kakande

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22 march
As Uganda plans to mark World TB day on Friday, March 24 under the theme “Unite to end TB and: slogan, find the missing patients with TB. There is a call to address the scourge.
The new survey results indicate that the overall TB prevalence is 253/100,000 (95% CI: 191 – 315). This is much higher than previously estimated.
The observed high prevalence across age groups suggests that TB transmission is still widespread despite implementation of the stop TB strategy, calling for innovative approaches in ending tuberculosis including a strong collaboration between the private and public TB response actors.
Furthermore a total of 87,000 new cases occur every year. Considering that Uganda notified 46,171 TB patients (WHO, 2015) survey results revealed that 40,829 patients were missed in 2014.
Why missed cases? – One of the major reasons contributing to missing of cases is poor health seeking behaviour of those reporting chronic cough. About 39% of symptomatic presumptive TB patients and 36.7% of symptomatic prevalent TB cases did not take any action for their symptoms. The reasons for not seeking care included ignored illness (31.1%), self-treated (31%), hindered by cost (16%), did not recognise illness (12%), long distance (5.4%), long waiting time (1.3%) and others (2.9%). Understanding and addressing patients’ barriers to service access is crucial to maximize the demand for service utilisation. Furthermore use of poor TB diagnostic services contributes to missed TB cases.
There is need to use up to date TB screening services; including use of new developments in diagnostics.

National actions and commitments fall short to those needed to end tuberculosis in Uganda.
Other challenges faced in TB management in the country include poor adherence to TB treatment, poor TB counselling services, poor implementation of TB infection control practices, negative cultural beliefs coupled with misconception, stigma and discrimination of TB patients and inadequate resources allocated for TB control contributing to stock outs of vital TB medicines, supplies and other commodities. While Uganda grapples with the fear of impending catastrophic costs meted by tuberculosis on her citizens and the country at large, there is inadequate funding to end the TB of the epidemic. In 2014 domestic funding to meet TB need was 4%, international support 14 % unfunded 81%.
Ending TB – Uganda needs to follow up closely on the commitment to end TB epidemic by 2030 by funding and implementing the targets in the Global Plan to End TB (2016-2020). Furthermore achieve the 90-(90)-90 TB targets of reaching 90% of all people who need TB treatment, including 90% of populations at high risk and achieving at least 90% treatment success. There is need for prompt actions to halt TB transmission in Uganda and ending TB is the way to go because the diseases is curable therefore the country should prioritise interventions to increase TB case finding in order to curtail the spread of the disease in the community.
This therefore calls for urgent supply of quality and adequate drug-resistant TB medicines, improved and or new interventions in TB infection control, policy changes in offering TB treatment following emergency of new drugs and new regimens, community education and social mobilization on TB, TB contact tracing and follow up. This will go hand in with ensuring that every TB patient has access to effective diagnosis, treatment and cure, stop transmission of TB, reduce the inequitable social and economic toll of TB, develop and implement new preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic tools and strategies to stop and end TB.
A multi- sectoral level approach to enhance TB case finding should be put in place, starting with increasing strategic investments for TB control and better utilization of available diagnostics. There is urgent need to expand TB screening and diagnostic services to the different levels, with emphasis on TB hotspots and high risk population (prisons, health workers, congregate settings, PLHIV, diabetics, slum dwellers and contacts of confirmed and infectious TB patients).
This therefore calls for urgent supply of quality and adequate drug-resistant TB medicines, improved and or new interventions in TB infection control, provision of up to date TB screening; including use of new developments in diagnostics. Policy changes in offering TB treatment following emergency of new drugs and new regimens, community education and social mobilization on TB, TB contact tracing and follow up. This will go hand in with ensuring that every TB patient has access to effective diagnosis, treatment and cure, stop transmission of TB, reduce the inequitable social and economic toll of TB, develop and implement new preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic tools and strategies to stop and end TB.
To end TB calls for concerted efforts by a range of partners including Civil Society Organisations, Faith based organizations, Local Government, Private clinics, Health workers, Civil society members, Community leaders, Policy makers and Community Involvement. We must all make TB a priority and work towards its elimination.
“TB needs to become a political and financial priority. We must understand the big threat that TB represents for all of us. We need to shift from controlling this disease towards ending it….”
fonte www.newvision.co.ug – David Mafabi

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23 marzo
La situazione nel Sud Sudan, intrappolato tra guerra e carestia, sta diventando catastrofica e nel vicino Uganda, dove stanno fuggendo migliaia di sud sudanesi, rischia di sfuggire di mano.
E’ l’allarme lanciato dalle organizzazioni internazionali e dagli umanitari all’indomani della pubblicazione del Rapporto delle Nazioni Unite, nel quale si avverte che nel paese africano “è in corso un processo di pulizia etnica aggrava dalla carestia” dichiarata nello Stato dello Unity, dove gli stessi rifugiati descrivono gli orrori che hanno costretto migliaia di donne e bambini a fuggire in Uganda.

Secondo le ultime statistiche più di mezzo milione di rifugiati è fuggito dal Sud Sudan a causa dell’inasprimento dei combattimenti dal luglio del 2016, cercando aiuto per lo più in Uganda. Di questi, l’86% è composto da donne e bambini. Questi ultimi arrivano terrorizzati, affamati e spesso soli. La maggior parte dei bambini è così traumatizzata da non riuscire a parlare. Molti di loro non sanno se i proprio genitori sono vivi oppure no.
Flavia, una operatrice di Save The Children, racconta: “Ci dicono che a casa hanno assistito all’uccisione dei genitori. Un ragazzo ha detto che suo padre è stato impiccato accanto a lui. La notte lo sogna e il mattino seguente si sveglia e non parla. Stiamo assistendo anche a casi di malnutrizione: a molti bambini si possono contare le costole solo guardandoli”. Stiamo lavorando in tutto il Sud Sudan e a sostegno dei rifugiati in Uganda. Tutte le parti in conflitto, chiede con forza Save The Children, devono garantire che i civili siano protetti e che gli operatori umanitari siano in grado di continuare a fornire assistenza sanitaria e protezione, soprattutto ai bambini. Sul sito di Firmiamo.it, la petizione lanciata dall’Unhcr si occupa proprio di cercare fondi per fronteggiare questa situazione e racconta di Kiden che è dovuta fuggire con il suo piccolo Isaac tra le braccia. “Come loro – afferma la petizione –  1.6 milioni di sud sudanesi hanno abbandonato le proprie case per sopravvivere. Sono quasi tutte donne e bambini.
I loro occhi terrorizzati raccontano storie di fame, di fuga da violenze fisiche e mentali, di persecuzioni e crimini basati su genere ed etnia. La metà dei rifugiati sud sudanesi ha trovato riparo in Uganda.
Un flusso inarrestabile, con quasi 3000 arrivi ogni giorno. Spesso sono malnutriti e traumatizzati. Hanno bisogno di cure mediche, sostegno psicologico e materiale. Tante persone come Kiden e il suo bambino hanno urgente bisogno di aiuto, ma ad oggi abbiamo solo l’8% dei fondi necessari per salvare le loro vite”.

fonte www.onuitalia.comMaria Novella Topi

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26 march
Jacob Kiplimo, 16, became the first Ugandan to win a gold medal at the World Cross Country Championships when he put up a great performance on home soil on Sunday.
The teenage athlete sent the ubiquitous home crowd into wild celebrations at the end of the U20 men’s race when he broke the finish line with a time of 22.40 minutes to secure gold at Kololo.
Ethiopia’s Amdework Walelegn took silver while Kenya’s Kimunyan settled for bronze.
The race started of with runners from, as usual, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Eritrea in the lead pack as the crowds cheered the group on.
Yemane Haileselassie of Eritrea led the runners through the first lap under sweltering temperatures and hot on his heels were Kenyan runners plus Solomon Berihu of Ethiopia.
Along the course, world U20 steeplechase Amos Kirui of Kenya squeezed into the lead with Uganda’s Kiplimo making his way into second to send the crowd into wild cheers.
As the race wore on, Kiplimo, a world U20 10,000m bronze medallist, opened up some good gulf along with Kenya’s Kirui.
It transformed into a four-man race at the front after Berihu and Kenyan Cross Country U20 champion Richard Kimunyan catching up with Kiplimo and Kirui.
Kiplimo, willed on ever by the ever buouyant home crowd, broke away from the rest. And that lead stretched further and further as the youngster felt the ripples of encourangement from the crowd.
Eventually he broke the finish line to send the huge home crowd into celebrations.
fonte www.newvision.co.ugJoseph Kizza

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Cambio valuta: in data 30/03/2017 1 dollaro USA è pari a 3.632,60 scellini ugandesi, 1 Euro è pari a 3.881,36 scellini ugandesi.
UgandAbout è un servizio di Italia Uganda Onlus a cura di Lucia Supino

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