2014

28.11

UgandAbout

Ugandabout – novembre 2014

di

Alcune notizie sull’Uganda e sull’Africa recuperate da internet nel novembre 2014.

INTERNATIONAL TOURISM EXPO SET TO SHOW UGANDA’S TOURISM POTENTIAL
1 november 2014

UGANDA SHOULD CONTROL POPULATION GROWTH
2 november 2014

UGANDA, NEW POLIO VACCINE COMING
2 november 2014

BAMBINI SOLDATO, 250MILA RAGAZZINI COSTRETTI A SCEGLIERE TRA “MANICA LUNGA O MANICA CORTA”
10 novembre 2014

DIARRHOEA VACCINATION FOR INFANTS IN UGANDA STARTS 2015
11 november 2014

MUSEVENI ENCOURAGES TOURISTS TO VISIT UGANDA
12 november 2014

KAMPALA ‘LIBERA’ DALLA FEBBRE DI MARBURG
12 novembre 2014

ABDUCTIONS BY LRA REBELS ON THE RISE, REPORT SAYS
13 november 2014

EAST AFRICA: REGIONAL TOURISM COULD BE THE NEXT BIG THING
16 november 2014

DEMOGRAFIA, I GIOVANI SOTTO I 24 ANNI SONO UN MILIARDO E 800 MILIONI, INSIEME POSSONO CAMBIARE IL FUTURO DI TUTTI
16 novembre 2014

UGANDA NEEDS 8% ANNUAL GROWTH TO ATTAIN MIDDLE INCOME STATUS
18 november 2014

UGANDA SHORT OF 4,500 PHARMACISTS
21 november 2014

UGANDA SHILLING, U.S. DOLLAR TRADING REMAIN TIGHT
22 november 2014

EBOLA, PRIMI RISULTATI POSITIVI DA UN VACCINO SPERIMENTALE
27 novembre 2014


INTERNATIONAL TOURISM EXPO SET TO SHOW UGANDA’S TOURISM POTENTIAL
1 november 2014
In two weeks’ time, the 39th edition of the Africa Travel Association annual congress will kick off at Speak Resort Munyonyo. It will run from November 11 to November 16. This will be the second time Uganda is hosting the biggest gathering of Africa’s tourism sector technocrats, the first having been in 1994.
According to the chairperson of Uganda Tourism Board (UTB), James Tumusiime, UTB is to launch the first-ever Uganda International Tourism Expo as part of the occasion.
Tumusiime says the expo is to be held between November 14 and 16, in conjunction with many other tourism stakeholders in the country.
Other partners include the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA), Uganda Wildlife Education Centre Uganda Tourism Association, the Uganda Museum, and Ngaali Uganda, among others. Tumusiime says UTB’s long-term aim is to make the expo annual, for purposes of marketing Uganda’s tourism potential further.
Andrew Welishe, one of the coordinators, says the event is to be held at the Uganda Museum, with visitors allowed in free of charge but having to meet a negligible fee to access some of the more specialised activities and services which will be at the event.
“We want stakeholders to show visitors from all over the world what Uganda has to offer to tourists” Welishe says. “The different tour service providers will showcase what they have and at what prices.”
Welishe adds that the expo will showcase to Ugandans as much as to foreigners, so that Ugandans can understand that exploring the beauty of their country should not only be left to foreigners.
“We will have a lot of animals for the people to see. There will be exhibitions and competitions regarding the preparation of local cuisines. There will also be story-tellers from the different tribes in Uganda explaining how these tribes used to live as well as elders from the different tribes in the country, among others” Welishe said.
The top 10 Uganda tourist attractions to be showcased at the expo include the big five wild animals, traditional shelters, traditional art of war, traditional cuisines, music instruments and traditional dances, folk stories and colonial relics.
Traditional Shelters – Welishe explains that the purpose of traditional shelters will be to showcase the different types of architecture that Ugandans made before the coming of the White man. He says contrary to what some people have come to believe, there were actually many interesting architectural styles in the country.
The big five wild animals – Organizers say the African lion, African elephant, Cape buffalo, African leopard, and African rhinoceros will all be on show at the expo. These will be in addition to other must-see animals such as the hippopotamus, crocodile, and birds such as the ostrich, among others.
Music instruments and traditional dances – From the various types of stringed instruments, to the different types of pipes, to the different types of winged instruments, organizers say the expo will have an interminable array of traditional Ugandan music instruments. With skilled players actually making for a traditional music carnival.
Art of war – All sorts of traditional weapons from the different parts of the country will be showcased. Welishe says elders and other well-informed people from the different regions have been lined up to explain how exactly the different communities conducted war. He adds that there will actually be mock warfare to exhibit how exactly the weapons are used in battle.
Traditional Cuisines – The organizers say there will be people who know the unadulterated traditional dishes of their respective communities, who will prepare and avail (at a small fee) the traditional dishes as they were prepared eons ago. And they say that actually the real traditional dishes are rather different from what we think them to be today.
Folk Stories – Mr Welishe says this will be for the evenings, and that the settings will be constructed to reflect how exactly it was like in the olden days – most of it taking place at bonfires.
Colonial Relics. With the venue being the National Museum, organizers say the usual relics of national significance from the colonial period will be on show. He says, however, in addition to the ones resident at the museum, many relics are going to be ferried from different parts of the country for the expo.
Partners involved – Uganda Wildlife Authority , Uganda Wildlife Education Centre, Uganda Tourism Association, The Uganda Museum Ngaali Uganda.
fonte www.monitor.co.ug – Fred Wambede

Torna a inizio pagina

UGANDA SHOULD CONTROL POPULATION GROWTH
2 november 2014
To progress economically, Uganda needs to urgently accelerate the shift from high to low-fertility and mortality rates.
This was the main message that Innocent Owomugisha, from the Population Secretariat (popsec), delivered during a training for journalists last week. Uganda’s population growth rate is estimated at 3.2 per cent annually. Owomugisha, Popsec’s national programme officer, said Uganda’s population would reach 130 million by 2050 if this rate continued – stretching the country’s limited resources.
“Without a change in the high fertility rate of six children per woman, we are going to need about 460,000 primary school teachers and 88,000 nurses by the year 2037” Owomugisha said.
Eva Nakimuli, a senior programme officer at Popsec, said that Uganda needed to focus on sensitizing communities on the benefits of manageable families, if this scenario was to change. This, she said, is possible through family planning, a choice made by couples on the number of children to have and the length of time between their births.
“Increased investment in family planning will prevent unintended pregnancies, leading to fewer births per woman, allow for better employment opportunities and keep girls in school” Nakimuli said.
While a big population can be advantageous to a country’s progress, as has been the case for countries such as China, experts say that the most important demographic issue for Uganda is age-related. Currently, Uganda’s age structure is skewed towards the younger generation (those between 0-24 years) who make up over 70 per cent of the population.
fonte www.observer.ug

Torna a inizio pagina

UGANDA, NEW POLIO VACCINE COMING
2 november 2014
Starting next year, the Ministry of Health is to introduce a new polio vaccine for children, according to the Uganda National Expanded Programme on Immunization (UNEPI) Programme Director, Dr Robert Mayanja.
Dr Mayanja was speaking to The Independent about a new report ‘Vaccination coverage in Uganda’ when he revealed the new plans.
He said children will be receiving the polio vaccine inform of an injection other than the oral vaccination which has had adverse effects on children with weak immune systems.
He said the oral vaccine introduced in the 1980s has been found to expose children with weak immunities to Vaccine-derived Polio rather than protecting them.
“The new injectable vaccine called Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) consists of inactivated polio virus strains so its use reduces the risk of paralysis involved with use of live strains contained in the oral vaccine” he said.
Dr Mayanja said the move is in an effort to sustain this progress made to achieve the target of 100% coverage of immunization services.
The World Health Organisation has set 2018 as a target for achieving 100% coverage of immunization services but an estimated 21.8 million infants worldwide are still not being reached by routine immunization services. Most of these children are from developing countries.
Uganda is on track to achieve the target, according to a report released by the Ministry of Health.
The report titled ‘Annual Health Sector Performance 2013/14′ says the country has sustained high levels of immunization coverage. The percentage vaccination coverage in 2013 for DPT3, OPV3, Measles, and Tetanus in pregnant women was 97%, 100%, 97% and 56% respectively.
The percentage of children less than one year immunized against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, hepatitis B and influenza type B now stands at 93% from 87% in 2012/2013.
Dr Mayanja said they have improved coverage by making available from the lower Health Center IIIs up to referral hospitals.
Regarding maternal and child health, the report indicates that virtually all pregnant women attend antenatal care at least once (95%) but only 31% attended four visits as recommended. This is below the 55% target set by Health Sector Strategic and Investment Plan (HSSIP) by 2015. Also, deliveries in health facilities achieved 44 % instead of 65%. Maternal deaths were reported in 78 hospitals, a total of 449 deaths were recorded giving an average of 5.8 deaths per hospital.
Maternal mortality, therefore, remains at 438 per 100,000 live births.
Whereas infant mortality rate remains at 54 per 1000 live births and the under-five mortality rate at 90 per 1000 live births, the HSSIP target for 2015 is 41 per 1000 live births while the under-five mortality target is 56 per1000 live births.
For maternal deaths, the reports cites abortion, uterine rapture, pregnancy related hypertension, and bleeding as the leading causes at 10%, 14%, 15% and 36% respectively.
The Minister of State for Health in charge of General Duties, Dr Elioda Tumwesigye, said the government is investing in maternal and child health in the next one year to reduce the soaring maternal and infant mortality rates.
Dr Tumwesigye said, to reduce deaths, the ministry is using various strategies including increasing access to skilled attendance at birth, so that complications during pregnancy are detected and managed in a timely manner, embracing family planning and effective antenatal care.
“Effective antenatal care has the potential to prevent, detect, and treat problems such as malaria, anemia, HIV/AIDS, and other infections, which are important indirect causes of maternal deaths” he said.
The same report highlights that most health facilities in the country are still operating below standards, lack key personnel, like doctors, and anesthetists. There has, however, been an increase in access to medicines and other health supplies.
Up to 42% of Health Center IIs have a staffing deficit of 60%, Health Center IIIs and IVs 9% and general hospitals 10%.
Currently over 16, 000 posts in public facilities need to be filled. Of these, health centre IIs need over 7000, Mulago national referral hospital needs 581, and regional referral hospitals need 924 health cadres.
Moroto is the most understaffed referral hospital with 59% of the positions vacant followed by Mubende with 45%.
fonte http://allafrica.com – Flavia Nassaka

Torna a inizio pagina

BAMBINI SOLDATO, 250MILA RAGAZZINI COSTRETTI A SCEGLIERE TRA “MANICA LUNGA O MANICA CORTA”
10 novembre 2014
Nonostante la Convenzione Onu sui Diritti dell’Infanzia e dell’Adolescenza lo vieti esplicitamente, sono 250mila i bambini soldato in almeno 23 Stati del mondo. L’Ong Intersos avvia la campagna ‘La scelta di Amadi’ per rilanciare l’attenzione su minorenni che, spesso privati di ogni possibilità di scelta, diventano schiavi, soldati e carnefici. Particolarmente esposte alla violazione dei diritti sono le bambine e le adolescenti.
“Manica larga o manica corta?” – È questo il dilemma dell’adolescente Amadi in una sorta di rito di iniziazione intitolato ‘Devi diventare crudele’. Il capo della milizia di cui fa parte da pochi giorni, gli sta chiedendo se per il suo primo omicidio, preceduto dalla tortura, preferisce amputare solo l’avambraccio di un prigioniero o l’intero braccio. Far scendere il machete tra polso e gomito, o più su, verso la spalla, può diventare il problema di un ragazzino a cui è stato rubato il futuro.
Amadi in realtà è un personaggio fittizio che dà voce agli oltre 250mila bambini e bambine che in almeno 23 Stati del mondo vengono assoldati negli eserciti regolari e irregolari come combattenti, ma anche come schiavi sessuali, spie, facchini, scudi umani. Un dato purtroppo in crescita: quest’anno, in Repubblica Centrafricana, almeno 6.000 bambini sono stati coinvolti nei combattimenti, così come in Siria, in Sud Sudan, in Iraq e in Yemen. Amadi è uno di loro, è il protagonista del film in quattro episodi della Filmmaster Productions girato ad Haiti con attori reclutati grazie a street casting, che raccontano come i bambini soldato diventino schiavi e carnefici.
Tra fucili e demoniI bambini sono particolarmente adatti alla nuova natura delle guerre, non più una contrapposizione armata tra Stati, ma l’esplosione di crisi interne – sempre eterodirette da forze straniere, ex coloniali, o da gruppi di potere economico multinazionali, con grossi interessi di sfruttamento delle ricchezze del sottosuolo – e che vedono in scena fazioni politiche, gruppi religiosi o etnici. Imparano presto a usare le armi leggere, automatiche, che costano relativamente poco: oggi un bambino può utilizzare un AK-47 come un adulto. Non si ribellano alle azioni più pericolose e si fanno indottrinare con maggiore facilità, come racconta un ufficiale dell’esercito del Ciad: “I bambini sono ideali perché non si lamentano, non si aspettano di essere pagati e se dici loro di uccidere, loro lo fanno”. Ad un operatore dell’Unicef, il liberiano Henri ha spiegato: “Ci davano droghe in quantità per tutto il tempo, per farci sentire forti e coraggiosi e per obbedire ai loro ordini, non importava quali fossero. Spesso prendevo oppio e valium. Penso che siano molte le cose che non riesco a ricordare a causa degli stupefacenti che ci davano. Ero come controllato dai demoni, ma io so che sono quello che ha commesso di tutto e mi sento male quando penso a ciò che ho fatto”.
Una schiava bambina nella forestaQuando c’è di mezzo la fame o il bisogno di protezione, alcuni adolescenti chiedono la divisa come volontari, per sopravvivere. In Congo, nel 1997 si arruolarono in quasi cinquemila ragazzi di strada dopo un appello via radio. Ciò che li spinge ad imbracciare il fucile è il desiderio di ritrovare un’identità, la volontà di rivalsa o quella di vendetta quando hanno visto i propri genitori o parenti subire violenze da parte del gruppo opposto. Spesso, invece, sono allontanati forzatamente dalle loro case da soldati più adulti. È la storia di Souzanne che ora ha 17 anni, ma ne aveva 11 quando è stata rapita dalle milizie del Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Racconta: “Quando mi hanno presa, stavo andando a scuola per consegnare l’iscrizione all’anno scolastico. Ho ricordi confusi di quei giorni. Quasi subito sono stata data in sposa ad un soldato ugandese, poteva fare di me quello che voleva. Abbiamo iniziato a spostarci nella foresta, per giorni, settimane”. Le truppe continuano a muoversi tra Sudan e Repubblica Centrafricana, con le prede al seguito, finché, dopo 3 anni, Souzanne rimane incinta e dà alla luce un bambino.
Bambine vedove di guerra – In uno degli spostamenti, il marito di Souzanne è vittima di un’imboscata e perde la vita: “Ero rimasta sola, vedova, con un bambino. Continuavamo a spostarci senza sosta e io mi dovevo occupare di cucinare e di tenere pulito per la truppa. Vivevo nel terrore che potesse succedere qualcosa di brutto a me e a mio figlio”. Dopo altri due anni, lo stesso comandante del LRA, Joseph Kony, decide di rilasciare la giovane nei pressi di Duru, nella Provincia orientale del Congo, con altre 26 persone, vedove e orfani che non servivano più, erano diventati un peso.
Il ritorno a casa – Per Souzanne la speranza è di riabbracciare a breve la sua famiglia. Non è facile, ma possibile. Chi ha trascorso un periodo con le milizie armate viene considerato ‘sporcò dalla comunità d’origine, in particolare le ragazze che hanno subito violenza. Le famiglie hanno paura di riaccogliere gli ex bambini soldato e, temendo comportamenti aggressivi, li respingono. Anche il ritorno a scuola è complicato, i compagni li evitano, li prendono in giro, li emarginano per via di pregiudizi o di reali comportamenti violenti.
Per le ragazze è ancora più complicato tornare a una vita normale, reintegrarsi nella società. Nella maggior parte dei casi vengono rifiutate come spose e rischiano di dover vivere di prostituzione.
fonte www.repubblica.itEmauela Stella

Torna a inizio pagina

DIARRHOEA VACCINATION FOR INFANTS IN UGANDA STARTS 2015
11 november 2014
The government is to vaccinate all children against a virus that causes acute diarrhoea, Dr Elioda Tumwesigye, the health state minister in charge of general duties, has announced.
Speaking at a policy dialogue on reducing infant and child mortality in Uganda last week, Dr Tumwesigye said the vaccination drive against the rotavirus would start next year. The rotavirus, transmitted through consumption of food or drinks contaminated with faecal matter, accounts for 10 per cent (nearly 20,000) under-five deaths in Uganda.
“Many of our children are dying of vaccine- preventable diseases and by introducing the rotavirus vaccine in routine vaccination, Uganda will drastically reduce infant and child mortality” said Dr Tumwesigye at the policy dialogue, which was organised by the Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment (ACODE).
The vaccination campaign will be supported by the Gavi Alliance.
Possible dividends – The World Health Organisation (WHO) says that if all Gavi-supported countries – Uganda inclusive – used the rotavirus vaccine, 180,000 deaths and six million hospital admissions associated with acute diarrhoea would be averted each year. The vaccine is already available in private hospitals where it costs around Shs 95,000.
Child and infant mortality is a major concern in Uganda because each year, approximately 200,000 children under the age of five die from preventable illnesses, especially malaria, diarrhoea and pneumonia. Uganda has witnessed a recent acceleration in the reduction of under-five deaths from 137 to 90 per 1,000 live births between 2006 and 2011.
However, more effort is needed in meeting the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 target of reducing these deaths to 56 per 1,000 live births by 2015.
Dr Flavia Mpanga, who works with the United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef), urged the public to adopt simple cost-effective interventions such as hand washing with soap and water, taking safe drinking water and observing proper hygiene.
fonte http://allafrica.comRacheal Ninsiima

Torna a inizio pagina

MUSEVENI ENCOURAGES TOURISTS TO VISIT UGANDA
12 november 2014
President Yoweri Museveni has strongly encouraged tourists globally to visit the African continent in general and Uganda in particular as the country enjoys the best climate in the world.
The President was on Wednesday opening the 39th World Congress of African Travel Association (UTA) at the Commonwealth Speke Resort Munyonyo, near Kampala.
The 5-day conference that is running under the theme ‘Tourism is Everyone’s Business’ has attracted local, regional and international delegates who are engaged in the tourism industry worldwide and who are also brought together under the umbrella of ATA.
African Travel Association, founded in 1975, is a registered non-profit Association in the United States of America, headquartered in New York. It has branches around the world and has so far signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the African Union with the aim of promoting tourism in Africa.
President Museveni added that all parts of Africa are miracles. Tropical forests, huge lakes, rivers, snow capped mountains like the Rwenzori and even in the deserts oases are found that, among many others, are tourist attractions.
He, therefore, called on tourists to take advantage of the beautiful climate in Africa and Uganda as well as neighboring countries in East Africa and visit the land that does not require any air-conditioning like those in Europe and other parts of the world.
Mr. Museveni informed delegates that historically, Africa is also the cradle of humankind, civilization and the main religious groups that include Christianity and Islam.
Commenting on faith based tourism, President Museveni noted that it’s quite a vibrant one and Uganda benefits from it citing the 3rd of June of every year when over a million pilgrims from all over the world flock to Namungongo Martyrs’ shrine to commemorate Martyrs’Day.
The President also observed that peace is prevailing in most parts of Africa adding that pockets of conflict and strange diseases cannot severely affect the tourism industry.
He pointed out that other challenges to infrastructure for tourism, such as hotels, have been addressed and others such as air, land and water transport are being worked on.
The Minister of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities, Ms. Maria Mutagamba, hoped that challenges affecting tourism like lack of adequate media publicity would be addressed.
The ATA Executive, Uganda Chapter, Mrs. Susan Muhwezi, called on the local and international media, to portray Africa positively in their publicity in order to attract more tourists.
The Executive Director of ATA, Mr. Edward Bergman, pledged to promote public-private partnership to make the tourism industry flourish in Africa. He thanked President Museveni for his support to the industry.
The opening ceremony was also attended by Ministers from neighboring countries, diplomats and all stake holders in the tourism industry, among others.
fonte www.newvision.co.ug

Torna a inizio pagina

KAMPALA ‘LIBERA’ DALLA FEBBRE DI MARBURG
12 novembre 2014
L’Uganda è stata dichiarata libera dalla febbre emorragica di Marburg, una malattia con sintomi e modalità simili all’ebola che aveva ucciso un medico a Kampala lo scorso 28 settembre.
“Da allora non sono stati più registrati casi – ha detto il ministro della Sanità Sarah Achieng Opendi – e questo significa che la diffusione del virus è stata bloccata”.
La febbre di Marburg aveva causato la morte di un radiologo in servizio al Mengo Hospital di Kampala. Dopo il decesso, per 42 giorni, sono state monitorate 197 persone a rischio contagio. Nessuna di loro, però, si è ammalata.
Il virus di Marburg si trasmette tramite il contatto con i fluidi corporei e provoca emorragie, febbre alta, vomito e diarrea: gli stessi sintomi dell’ebola.
fonte www.misna.org

Torna a inizio pagina

ABDUCTIONS BY LRA REBELS ON THE RISE, REPORT SAYS
13 november 2014
Uganda’s Lord’s Resistance Army rebels have launched a string of attacks across central Africa with a steady increase in abductions, the United Nations said in a report seen Thursday.
The elusive jungle insurgents, who raid villages and enslave residents, have abducted 432 people so far this year, a steady increase from last year and more than double the number in 2012, the report by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) read.
Those captured, often children, are forced to work as fighters, sex slaves or porters. Long driven out of Uganda, small bands of LRA fighters now roam forest regions of Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan and South Sudan, launching over 150 attacks and killing at least 22 people this year.
Over 160,000 people have been forced from their homes in areas of DR Congo, CAR and South Sudan where the rebels operate, including over 30,000 living as refugees in neighbouring nations.
Rebel chief Joseph Kony, who launched a rebellion in Uganda two decades ago, is wanted by the International Criminal Court along with fellow top commanders on war crimes and crimes against humanity charges including murder, sexual slavery and for using child soldiers.
The US Department of State is offering a $5 million bounty for information leading to his capture. Kony, who claims mystical-religious powers, has long been reported to be based in the Sudanese-controlled Kafia Kingi enclave straddling the border with South Sudan, as well as in neighbouring Central African Republic.
The Ugandan army is leading a US-backed African Union force tasked with capturing the LRA’s leaders. According to the UN, the LRA has killed more than 100,000 people and kidnapped more than 60,000 children in almost three decades of attacks.
fonte www.theeastafrican.co.ke

Torna a inizio pagina

EAST AFRICA: REGIONAL TOURISM COULD BE THE NEXT BIG THING
16 november 2014
Early last week an old school friend of mine contacted me via Facebook asking me to get in touch urgently. He sent three different phone numbers that I could use. I used one of the numbers and sent him a message to which he immediately replied “I am coming to Kigali tomorrow and I need an affordable hotel to stay.”
After asking him how much money he was willing to part with, I sent him a link to a webpage with the different rates for rooms at one of the hotels in Kigali. This is something I have done on several occasions for lots of my friends from Uganda and Kenya who often ask me to suggest where they can stay or even hang out while here.
In other words, it is high time I added tour and travel agent somewhere on my short CV. But this is certainly not something I am well versed with. I am not even a regular in the hotels that I recommend to friends. This got me thinking much more about what I will call regional tourism. All the countries that make up the East African Community heavily rely on tourism as a major source of foreign exchange.
However efforts to boost this sector have for years targeted just two kinds of tourists; the international tourist and the local tourist. The international tourists are clearly the most coveted thanks to their spending power while here.
The local tourist is often a reluctant tourist who often has to be persuaded beyond the affordable special rates available to him/her. Locals generally tend to be tourists only on two occasions. While in lower school when they get to visit a zoo or game park and on their honeymoon or thereabout when it is romantic to connect with nature.
Many locals can actually afford to be tourists but they generally perceive it as a ‘Mzungu’ activity.
Interestingly very little effort has been invested in luring the regional tourist. The regional tourist is the guy across the border that would go out of his way to visit a neighbouring country. Tourism authorities were probably surprised to discover that so many Ugandans visited Kenya in the last year.
With their usual business savvy ways the Kenyans have not slept on this amazing discovery. They are currently running adverts on Ugandan television stations under the Magical Kenya theme. Besides the foreign and local tourist they are trying to lure more Ugandans to go and visit Kenya’s various attractions with the coastal area remaining a favourite for many.
Other East African countries should get with the programme and also try to lure people from the region to visit. I know the same people who leave Kampala to spend time in Mombasa would also love to spend time enjoying at the shores of Lake Tanganyika in Bujumbura; they would love to bask in the sun in Dar es Salaam or chill in Rubavu or Karongi taking in the beautiful sight of Lake Kivu from the Rwandan side.
Regional tourism has not just been in the form of Ugandans heading to Kenya. I know of Rwandans who head to Kampala or Bujumbura when they want to have a good time over the weekend. Sometimes event like a football game or rugby game also serve as a good excuse for East Africans to cross the border to cheer their team and also visit a neighbouring country. It is also quite encouraging that this regional tourism has very few hurdles if any.
East Africans are already enjoying very friendly immigration laws. With just an identity card, one can cross into Uganda, Kenya or Rwanda. No visas are required and transport from one country to another is quite easy with regional airlines offering lots of flights to neighbouring countries.
Those with narrow pockets like yours truly can still jump onto a bus and or a water vessel across Lake Victoria, Kivu or Tanganyika. Language is not an issue since Swahili or English can be used almost anywhere in the region.
Imagine how nice it would be if a good number of people strived to visit one East African country each year. In four years you would have been to all EAC countries and then move to more specific towns. Those charged with promoting tourism need to look into this huge opportunity. Someone coming from Kampala need not ask me about hotels here. Get those hotels to advertise in Uganda like the Kenyans are already doing.
fonte http://allafrica.com Allan Brian Ssenyonga

Torna a inizio pagina

DEMOGRAFIA, I GIOVANI SOTTO I 24 ANNI SONO UN MILIARDO E 800 MILIONI, INSIEME POSSONO CAMBIARE IL FUTURO DI TUTTI
16 novembre 2014
Sono un miliardo 800 milioni, in tutto il mondo, i ragazzi e le ragazze di età compresa tra i 10 e i 24 anni, su una popolazione complessiva di 7 miliardi 300 milioni di persone; nei paesi più poveri il loro numero aumenta sempre più rapidamente e, secondo le proiezioni delle Nazioni Unite, i giovani raggiungeranno i due miliardi entro la metà del secolo (l’India è il paese con la popolazione più giovane, pari al 30 per cento degli abitanti).
La stragrande maggioranza degli under 24 – nove su dieci – vive nei cosiddetti paesi ‘in via di sviluppo’ e affronta pesanti ostacoli per realizzare il proprio diritto all’educazione, alla salute e per vivere una vita libera da violenze.
Si stima che 57 milioni di ragazze e ragazzi non vadano a scuola e che ogni giorno 39mila bambine vengano fatte sposare (entro il 2020 altri 142 milioni di piccole seguiranno la stessa sorte). Più di 515 milioni di adolescenti e giovani vivono con meno di due dollari al giorno. Sono questi i dati del Rapporto sullo stato della popolazione nel mondo 2014 di UNFPA, il fondo per la popolazione delle Nazioni Unite, la cui edizione italiana è stata curata da AIDOS, Associazione italiana donne per lo sviluppo.
Mai tanti giovani nella storia del mondo – Mai nella storia del mondo i giovani sono stati tanto numerosi. Di questa fetta di popolazione, pari a un quarto degli abitanti del pianeta, fanno parte ben 600 milioni di ragazze adolescenti, con le loro esigenze, difficoltà e aspirazioni per il futuro, sottolinea Giulia Vallese, rappresentante UNFPA in Nepal. Attualmente, nei paesi più poveri, dove vive la più alta percentuale della popolazione giovanile, una ragazza su tre si sposa prima di aver compiuto i 18 anni, mettendo a repentaglio salute, istruzione e prospettive per il futuro. Ai matrimoni precoci sono connesse le gravidanze adolescenziali, con tutto ciò che questo comporta in termini sanitari e non solo. Quasi la metà del totale di tutti gli abusi sessuali sono perpetrati su ragazze che hanno meno di 16 anni. Così come sono bambine e adolescenti a subire le mutilazioni dei genitali femminili e a correre il più alto rischio di contrarre HIV/AIDS o altre malattie sessualmente trasmissibili.
Gli effetti a catena positivi possibili“Lavorare sull’empowerment delle giovani in diversi campi quali istruzione, salute ed economia – sottolinea AIDOS – ha effetti a catena estremamente positivi per le comunità di riferimento e offre più possibilità di combattere la povertà, vero terreno di coltura di questi problemi. Una popolazione giovanile che raggiunge quasi un quarto dell’intera popolazione mondiale dovrebbe essere vista come una opportunità unica per lo sviluppo economico e sociale, ma ciò dipende dalle scelte che faremo, dal modo in cui risponderemo alle esigenze e alle aspirazioni di ragazze e ragazzi, per un futuro migliore per tutti. Gli sforzi per sradicare la povertà, e realizzare così uno sviluppo umano sostenibile che includa il benessere economico, non andranno a buon fine sino a quando le/gli adolescenti, in particolare le ragazze, vedranno negati i propri diritti e una equa partecipazione alla vita dei loro paesi”.
Trarre vantaggio dal ‘dividendo demografico’ – Molti paesi in ascesa, sottolinea il rapporto, dispongono di un ‘dividendo demografico’ – vale a dire la quota di crescita economica potenziale che risulta dall’aumento della popolazione produttiva – che verrà meno nei prossimi decenni. I giovani – ribadisce Daniela Colombo, presidente di AIDOS – rappresentano una grande opportunità di trasformare il futuro. Ma questo sarà possibile solo se avranno le competenze necessarie, salute, educazione e possibilità di scegliere. Occorrono investimenti giusti non solo per migliorare il reddito pro-capite e il tenore di vita, ma anche per togliere centinaia di milioni di persone dalla povertà.
L’analisi della demografa – Maura Misiti, demografa del CNR, ha osservato, illustrando il rapporto, che il numero delle nascite in Africa è di 4,6 figli per ogni donna; a questo ritmo, entro la fine del secolo quattro persone su dieci nasceranno in Africa, un dato che pone l’accento sulla necessità di porre il continente al centro dell’interesse del mondo occidentale non con intenti di rapina, come spesso è stato, ma con l’obiettivo dello sviluppo. Ai giovani, ha aggiunto Misiti, toccherà farsi carico di un mondo alle prese con il cambiamento climatico e realizzare pienamente i diritti delle donne, il diritto alla salute e all’istruzione, i diritti civili, il diritto al lavoro. Obiettivi ancora lontani: nel mondo i giovani disoccupati sono 73 milioni 400mila, mentre 11 milioni di bambini – soprattutto nei paesi poveri – nel 2011 risultavano non iscritti a scuola, e 64 milioni di adolescenti non frequentavano la scuola secondaria.
L’aspettativa è grande – I nuovi obiettivi del millennio, ha osservato Luigi De Chiara – responsabile dell’ufficio multilaterale della Direzione generale Cooperazione e Sviluppo del ministero degli Esteri – dovranno tenere conto di tutte queste considerazioni, includendo specificamente i bisogni e le necessità di giovani e adolescenti; l’aspettativa è grande e ben riposta, se si pensa che gli obiettivi dell’agenda del millennio sono stati tutti centrati, anche in considerazione del fatto che la crescita economica della Cina ha quasi dimezzato la povertà nel mondo.
I giovani, grande opportunità di progresso – Daniela Colombo ha sottolineato che “Il rapporto non considera adolescenti e giovani come un problema insormontabile, come un salasso di risorse già insufficienti, ma guarda al miliardo e 800 milioni di adolescenti e giovani che oggi vivono sul pianeta, e ai 120 milioni che si presentano ogni anno sul mercato del lavoro, quasi con ottimismo, dicendoci che la popolazione giovane più numerosa della storia può incidere in modo profondo su tutti gli aspetti del nostro comune futuro e ha la potenzialità di creare un mondo migliore per tutti. I paesi che riusciranno a rispondere alle esigenze di adolescenti e giovani si troveranno nella posizione più favorevole, nella seconda metà del secolo, con una popolazione più istruita e più sana, una maggiore forza lavoro produttiva, economie in crescita e tassi di fecondità in diminuzione”.
fonte www.repubblica.it – Emanuela Stella

Torna a inizio pagina

UGANDA NEEDS 8% ANNUAL GROWTH TO ATTAIN MIDDLE INCOME STATUS
18 november 2014
For Uganda to attain the kind of growth that should propel it to middle-income status by 2040, the economy has to grow by an average of 8% per annum and it should be underpinned by a stable and predictable environment, a report from the National Planning Authority (NPA) has noted.
In his keynote presentation during a meeting with the private sector in Kampala, the executive director of NPA, Joseph Muvawala, said the obligation of running the economy lies in the hands of the private sector and that government will only concentrate on improving its coordination, focus and business environment.
“The responsibility of running the economy is entirely a private sector affair. It is the private sector that will generate jobs. It is also the private sector that is competitive and the engine of growth, and not the government. Without you, we can do very little” he said.
The second phase of the National Development Plan – 2015/2016 to 2019/2020 – is estimated to cost Shs 120 trillion over the five-year implementation period.
“This is your plan. Therefore, there is need for greater focus and consistency as a country that all of us row in the same direction and avoid mistakes committed in NDP-1 in order to achieve this middle-income status within the next five years” Muvawala added.
Gideon Badagawa, the executive director of the Private Sector Foundation Uganda (PSFU), said there was a need to build the capacity of institutions that can help the private sector to be more competitive.
“Yes, we are the engine of growth, but there should be somebody to facilitate its growth. We want to support the plan, but things must change; business must be handled as business. If we don’t change the way we do things and corruption continues to go the way it is, then we can’t go anywhere” he said.
“The private sector is very highly informal. We don’t know where they are, what they are doing. We need to know who does what and when and how we should be measuring success” he added.
Lino Criel Icila, the secretary general of the Uganda Clearing Industry and Forwarding Association (UCIFA), said: “Implementation of the plan is critical but government must address the issues of volatile interest rates, trade imbalance and we need a specific financial institution to finance agriculture like we use to have the cooperative bank.”
The theme for NDP-II is, Strengthening Uganda’s Competitiveness for Wealth Creation, Inclusive Growth and Employment.
NDP-I draws to an end in June 2015, while NDP-II will set the agenda for the next five years. NDP-II was expected to be in place by September 2014 to inform the budget process for 2015/16.
However, Uganda will have to move faster and deal with the high cost of doing business in the country especially when compared to the other regional peers.
fonte www.observer.ug

Torna a inizio pagina

UGANDA SHORT OF 4,500 PHARMACISTS
21 november 2014
Uganda’s pharmacies, hospitals and drug dispensaries are facing tough times with an acute shortage of pharmacists.
Delegates at Monday’s Uganda Pharmaceutical Sector Conference in Kampala heard that there are currently barely 600 qualified pharmacists in the country.
According to the Pharmaceutical Society of Uganda, one pharmacist serves an average of 100,000 people – way below the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommendation of one for every 2,000. To redress the shortfall, Uganda would need to immediately recruit more than 4,500 pharmacists.
The head of the medicines and health service delivery monitoring unit in State House, Dr Diana Atwine, told the conference that the lack of sufficient capacity was affecting service provision across the country.
“Because of absenteeism of these key health workers, we are seeing that some medicines expire in the stores before they can be utilised, while others are being misused because of unclear prescriptions. This is one of the contributing factors to the emerging drug resistance and even death” she said.
The problem is further escalated by the gross distribution disparity of pharmacists between rural and urban areas, with most concentrated in urban areas and, more specifically, the private sector.
Key challenges of this shortage include unqualified personnel dispensing drugs, self-medication, under and misuse of drugs and essential medicines stock out. In developed countries, pharmacies only dispense most drugs on prescription from a doctor. But in Uganda, like other developing countries, almost all drugs can be obtained over the counter without a doctor’s prescription.
Individual challenges – The biggest challenge to individual pharmacists, Prof Amon Agaba said, is to maintain close oversight of dispensing functions while carving out adequate time to serve as a patient educator.
Agaba, a senior lecturer at Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), said while pharmacists continue to be responsible for ensuring that the right patient gets the right medication at the right time, they now educate patients and care-givers about the optimal use of medication and are leaders in the prevention of medication errors.
Agaba urged government to support research and development in pharmacology in order to scale up supply chain management and boost innovations.
fonte www.observer.ugRacheal Ninsiima

Torna a inizio pagina

UGANDA SHILLING, U.S. DOLLAR TRADING REMAIN TIGHT
22 november 2014
The Uganda shilling has remained weaker against the US dollar during the five days of trading that ended on Nov. 21. Analysts say consumers of goods that are transacted in the popular unit [the US dollar] or buyers of imported goods might have to pay much more compared to the previous months when the local unit had stabilized below 2700. James Mutuku, the head of financial markets at Standard Chartered Bank said, during the week, the shilling was range-bound against the US Dollar with weakening trends holding to close at 2745/55.
“The market saw sustained US Dollar buying interest on the corporate front with little inflows to support the Uganda Shilling” Mutuku said, adding yields were flat with minimal interest in the secondary market as investors preferred to wait for the primary issuance next week. The Central Bank announced 2-year reopening and 15 year bonds to be issued on Dec. 3, Mutuku said, and we expect good uptake on both tenors, he added. Going forward, he said, the pair is expected to trade sideways next week in the 2735-65 range.
fonte http://allafrica.comJulius Businge

Torna a inizio pagina

EBOLA, PRIMI RISULTATI POSITIVI DA UN VACCINO SPERIMENTALE
27 novembre 2014
Ebola ha ucciso finora quasi 5.500 persone e colpito oltre 15 mila abitanti dell’Africa occidentale. La metà di questi numeri riguarda la Liberia. L’epidemia in atto, ormai vicina a un anno dall’inizio, non sembra spegnersi anche perché per mesi non sono stati intercettati tutti i casi di contagio. E tuttora non si sa quanti siano gli infettati dal virus del pipistrello che sfuggono all’isolamento.
Per fortuna si sono svegliati i paesi ricchi, forse impauriti, da questo nuovo virus potenziale arma terroristica e in poco tempo farmaci e vaccini sono entrati in fase di studio sull’uomo se non sperimentati sul campo, sui malati.
Il 90 per cento finanziati dalle Forze armate di diversi Paesi: Stati Uniti, Russia, Cina. Ebola mette paura anche come arma e l’antidoto è ricerca prioritaria. Ed ecco il primo possibile successo in un vaccino non militare, ma della multinazionale GlaxoSmithKline (Gsk).
Un vaccino sicuroNella fase I, quella che deve dimostrare la non tossicità del prodotto, i volontari oggetto del test negli Stati Uniti, venti uomini tra i 18 e i 50 anni, hanno tutti sviluppato nel giro di un mese un alto livello di difese immunitarie specifiche per Ebola. Gsk ha già cominciato la produzione di 24 mila dosi da utilizzare in Africa occidentale nella sperimentazione di efficacia (fase II e III).
I risultati positivi del vaccino CAd3, questa la sigla, sono stati pubblicati sul ‘New England Journal of Medicine’. Nel 2015 si parte con i test in Africa. Gli Istituti di sanità pubblica americani (Nhi di Bethesda) hanno partecipato alla realizzazione del vaccino.
“L’estensione senza precedenti dell’attuale epidemia ha intensificato gli sforzi della ricerca per mettere a punto un vaccino sicuro ed efficace per arrestare questo nuovo pericolo”, sottolinea Anthony Fauci, direttore dell’Istituto nazionale di allergie e malattie infettive (Niaid), che guida lo studio a Bethesda. “Il profilo di sicurezza è incoraggiante: la dose più alta di vaccino ha indotto una risposta immunitaria paragonabile a quella che ha completamente protetto da Ebola gli animali (di laboratorio)”, conclude Fauci.
Dosi diverse – Il vaccino per via intramuscolare è stato sviluppato presso Niaid e presso Okairos, una società di biotecnologie acquisita da GlaxoSmithKline. Contiene materiale genetico da due ceppi di Ebola – Zaire, responsabile dell’attuale epidemia in Africa occidentale, e Sudan – ma non contiene virus vivo, quindi non può provocare la malattia. Lo studio ha arruolato volontari di età compresa tra 18 e 50 anni. La metà di essi ha ricevuto un basso dosaggio e l’altra metà una dose più alta.
Tutti e 20 hanno sviluppato anticorpi anti-Ebola entro quattro settimane, e quelli che hanno ricevuto la dose più alta ne hanno prodotti di più. Daniel Bausch della Tulane University, che ha scritto un commento di accompagnamento alla pubblicazione dello studio, ha definito promettenti i risultati, ma ha avvertito che ci sono molte altre sfide da affrontare prima che vengano stabilite sicurezza ed efficacia del vaccino.
Un altro vaccino GlaxoSmithKline, contro il ceppo Zaire, è in fase di sperimentazione di sicurezza in Inghilterra, Mali e in Svizzera, mentre uno della NewLink Genetics, che ha sede nell’Iowa, sta per essere testato in Maryland. Questa settimana, la Merck ha annunciato che comprerebbe i diritti del vaccino NewLink per 50 milioni di dollari statunitensi. Lo studio di un vaccino contro Ebola da parte di Johnson & Johnson è previsto per il mese di gennaio.
fonte www.corriere.itMario Pappagallo

Torna a inizio pagina

Cambio valuta: in data 28/11/2014 1 dollaro USA è pari a 2775 scellini ugandesi, 1 Euro è pari a 3453,8338 scellini ugandesi.
UgandAbout è un servizio dell’Associazione Italia Uganda Onlus a cura di Simona Meneghelli.

Torna alla pagina precedente


Lascia una risposta

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *

È possibile utilizzare questi tag ed attributi XHTML: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>