2012

28.09

UgandAbout

Ugandabout – settembre 2012

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Eccovi alcune notizie sull’Uganda e sull’Africa recuperate da internet nel settembre 2012.

BUSINESS CLUB IN UGANDA, L’ITALIA FA SISTEMA
31 agosto 2012

OMS, CONCLUSA EPIDEMIA DI EBOLA
5 settembre 2012

BREVI DALL’AFRICA
5 settembre 2012

INSIDE UGANDA’S NEW GROWTH PLAN
5 september 2012

MPS JOIN MIDDAY MEAL DRIVE, WANT DISTRICTS TO FOOT BILL
10 september 2012

RAPPORTO UNICEF: CALA LA MORTALITÀ DEI BAMBINI NEL MONDO
13 settembre 2012

EBOLA VIRUS NO LONGER A THREAT
17 september 2012

UGANDA SHILLING REMAINS STABLE DESPITE LENDING RATE DROP
17 settembre 2012

UGANDA, REGISTA BRITANNICO IN PRIGIONE PER SHOW CONTRO L’OMOFOBIA
19 settembre 2012

LRA, E’ PRONTA LA FORZA AFRICANA, IL COMANDO ALL’UGANDA
19 settembre 2012

UGANDA: OVER 70 PERCENT TEENS ENGAGE IN RISKY SEX
21 september 2012

LORD’S RESISTANCE ARMY YOUNG TURKS TAKE OVER
22 september 2012

UGANDA EMBRACE MODERN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
25 september 2012

UGANDA: KEEPING GIRLS IN SCHOOL
26 september 2012

U.S. GIVES UGANDA 27 BILLION TO FIGHT HIV/AIDS
27 september 2012

UGANDA USE ENERGY SUSTAINABLY, PROMOTE TOURISM
27 september 2012

BREVI DALL’AFRICA
27 settembre 2012


BUSINESS CLUB IN UGANDA, L’ITALIA FA SISTEMA
31 agosto 2012
Un club di aziende per rafforzare la presenza italiana in Uganda. Nata a maggio, l’associazione composta da una cinquantina di imprese, tra cui grandi gruppi come la Saipem, sarà formalmente lanciata il prossimo 8 ottobre, nel pieno della Fiera internazionale di Kampala, l’evento in programma dal 4 al 10 al quale guardano gli operatori che puntano ad investire nel Paese.
L’idea di costituire un business club è nata su impulso dell’ambasciatore italiano, Stefano Dejak, ed è stata subito raccolta dalla comunità imprenditoriale presente nel Paese. “L’iniziativa è partita da me, ho sollecitato gli imprenditori, trovando una comunità reattiva e pronta a reagire”, ha raccontato il diplomatico, sottolineando come l’associazione possa rappresentare sempre di più “un volano decisivo per promuovere e ampliare iniziative di partnership e contatti con le istituzioni locali”.
Insieme agli operatori del Sistema Italia, ha proseguito Dejak, “ho agito da ponte per collegare l’Italia all’Uganda. Le nostre imprese hanno bisogno di nuovi sbocchi di mercato e l’Uganda, avendo raggiunto un’apprezzabilissima stabilità politica, precondizione per lo sviluppo e per gli investimenti, rappresenta un mercato potenzialmente interessante”.
Agricoltura ed energia i settori considerati prioritari, nei quali il made in Italy potrebbe investire, attingendo anche a strumenti finanziari messi a disposizione dall’Unione europea.
fonte www.agi.it

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OMS, CONCLUSA EPIDEMIA DI EBOLA
5 settembre 2012
Si può dichiarare conclusa, secondo l’Organizzazione mondiale della Sanità (Oms/Who), l’epidemia di ebola manifestatasi ai primi di luglio nel distretto occidentale di Kibale, circa 200 chilometri da Kampala.
Esperti dell’Oms hanno annunciato che nessun nuovo caso di febbre emorragica è stato registrato nell’area posta sotto osservazione dallo scorso 3 agosto.
Il virus letale ha causato secondo il bilancio ufficiale, 17 vittime su 24 casi accertati. Sono invece 14 le vittime registrate nel distretto di Isiro, nella vicina Repubblica Democratica del Congo dove l’epidemia è stata dichiarata il 17 agosto.
Isolato per la prima volta nel 1976 sulle sponde del fiume Ebola – nella regione dell’Equateur, in Repubblica democratica del Congo – il virus è in grado di causare una grave febbre emorragica che può raggiungere un indice di mortalità del 95% dei contagiati. Focolai di ebola appaiono episodicamente in Gabon, Repubblica del Congo, Repubblica democratica del Congo, Sudan e Uganda.
fonte www.misna.org

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BREVI DALL’AFRICA
5 settembre 2012
Dubbi sulla morte del numero tre dell’Esercito di Resistenza del Signore (LRA), Dominic Ongwen, sono stati espressi dal colonnello Milton Katarinyebwa. Ricercato dalla Corte penale internazionale, la scorsa settimana Ongwen è stato dichiarato morto, ma secondo il capo delle operazioni militari ugandesi contro l’LRA sarebbe ancora operativo nel sud-est del Centrafrica dove starebbe reclutando uomini.
E’ a Ongwen che viene attribuita la responsabilità dell’attacco alla cittadina di Voungbaba-Balifondo, dove a fine agosto sono state rapite una cinquantina di persone.
In questi giorni è in corso a Bangui una riunione tra rappresentanti dei governi e della società civile di Uganda, Sud Sudan, Repubblica centrafricana e Repubblica democratica del Congo, paesi che contribuiscono alla ‘Task Force’ regionale contro l’LRA.
fonte www.misna.org

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INSIDE UGANDA’S NEW GROWTH PLAN
5 september 2012
Government has outlined the country’s strategic direction in a document criticized by MPs as setting overly ambitious growth targets and improved living conditions to be achieved by 2040. Themed “Accelerating Uganda’s development to greater prosperity”, Vision 2040 projects that Uganda will, by then, be transformed from a peasantry economy to a modern and prosperous country.
A draft copy of the vision produced by the National Planning Authority, (NPA), a body mandated to coordinate, manage and evaluate frameworks, systems and strategies for cost-effective and participatory national development planning, envisages that the country will graduate into a middle class nation in the next five years.
Per capita income (how much money is earned by each citizen annually) is expected to stand at about $9,500 (approximately Shs23.3 million) by 2040 from the current $506 (about Shs12.4 million). Some legislators, however, called the report “cosmetic” and queried the method used to arrive at the projected growth indicators. Going by the vision attributes of independence and sovereignity, democracy and the rule of law, stability and peace, Ugandans would enjoy high standards of living and a much higher life expectancy pushed from 51.5 years today to 85 years.
Defending Vision 2040, which is expected for launch as Uganda marks 50 years of Independence in October, the junior minister for finance, Mr Matia Kasaija, told the joint Parliamentary committees on Budget and National Economy last week, the political leadership is committed to achieving this vision. He said during the vision period, average real GDP growth rate will be over 8.2 per cent per annum translating into a total GDP of about $580.5 billion for a projected population of 61.3 million people. He said this will match the current level of development in other middle income countries like Malaysia, Mauritius, Hungary and Chile.
The aim of the national vision is to transform Uganda from a predominantly peasant and low income country to a competitive upper middle income country with per capita income of about $9,500” said the NPA chairperson, Dr Kisamba Mugerwa.
The implementation of the plan, according to the draft report will require a policy shift to a quasi-market approach, a mix of government investments and private sector-driven actions. The government would lay emphasis on harnessing opportunities in the oil and gas sector through the construction of a refinery and supporting the infrastructure, industrialisation, developing the tourism sector and commercialising agriculture, exploiting more minerals, ICT business, utilising the abundant youthful labour force, among others.
Uganda’s current labour force in Uganda stands at 13 million according to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics, but with spiralling unemployment rates among young Ugandans. Majority of the unemployed are youths and graduates. Uganda has commercially viable oil and gas deposits in the Albertine Graben.
As of 2009, only 40 per cent of the Graben had been explored and a total of about 2.5 billion barrels of oil equivalent discovered. “More commercially viable oil and gas deposits are expected to be discovered as explorations are being carried out in the Graben and other potential areas” reads the report.
The country’s economic performance since independence has been characterised by relatively slow growth compared to some countries that were at the same level of development like South Korea and Malaysia.
Uganda’s GDP – Uganda’s GDP per capita increased from $63.8 in 1962 to $506 in 2010 compared to Korea’s which increased from $103 to $21,000 in the same period. In the report, NPA projects the percentage of population below the poverty line to reduce to 5 percent by 2040 from the current 24.5 while the infant mortality rate per 100 live births would be reduced from the current 63 to at least 4 by 2040.
fonte
www.afronline.orgMercy Nalugo

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MPS JOIN MIDDAY MEAL DRIVE, WANT DISTRICTS TO FOOT BILL
10 september 2012
Legislators on Parliament’s Sectoral Committee on Education have weighed in on the campaign for school-going children to be provided a midday meal at school under the universal education programmes. A coalition of civil society actors started the campaign earlier this year arguing that providing an education on a rumbling stomach cannot result in meaningful learning.
Now MPs want local governments to pass and enforce by-laws to force parents to provide meals for their children at school. The government, concerned about the likely political implications, has been reluctant to take a clear position on the issue, especially where it would involve parents providing the meal through a financial contribution.
The government prefers physical food which many experts say has been found impractical yet the use of money might be interpreted as a re-introduction of payment under what is supposed to be a free government programme.
Negative impact on UPE scheme
The committee noted that lack of a clear feeding programme in UPE schools had negatively impacted on the scheme, causing massive drop-outs and absenteeism. The committee recommends to government to impact upon local governments to make and enforce by-laws obliging parents to feed their school-going children as already stipulated in Section 5(2) of the Education Act 2008” the committee recommended in its 43-page report.
Recently, Education Minister Jessica Alupo said Cabinet had already approved three ways through which pupils will be helped to get lunch at school. These include allowing parents in urban areas to pay cash for meals at a sum agreed by school management, board of governors and the parents-teachers associations.
For parents in rural areas, according to Ms Alupo, Cabinet recommended that contributions be made in kind – say maize, beans and thereafter parents mobilise themselves to prepare meals and the third approved method is feeding the vulnerable children like it is done in Karamoja with assistance from World Food Programme.
Legislators also want the ministry to carry out a study to scientifically establish the unit cost of delivering education per child. Although government sends Shs7,000 as capitation grant per child annually, schools have severally complained that they receive Shs6,800 after deducting bank charges. They also argue that the money is inadequate given the generally high cost of living in the country. “The committee reiterates the call for a review of the unit cost that is commensurate with inflationary rates” adds the report.
The recommendations are contained in the parliamentary sectoral committee on education on the ministerial policy statement and budget estimates for 2012/2013 report. Committee chairperson Sylvia Namabidde presented the report before the House last week and if passed, such recommendations would be reflected in the final education budget.
Government introduced UPE in 1997 and a decade later implemented UPE to enable eligible primary school graduates enroll in tuition-free secondary and vocational training institutions. But both schemes are still seriously hampered by delayed releases of funds, congestion, and high student-to-teacher ratio and unclear feeding programme for both children and teachers in schools.
fonte www.monitor.co.ug Mercy Nalugo & Al-Mahdi Ssenkabirwa

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RAPPORTO UNICEF: CALA LA MORTALITÀ DEI BAMBINI NEL MONDO
13 settembre 2012
Il numero di bambini sotto i cinque anni che muoiono ogni anno è sceso da circa 12 milioni nel 1990 a 6,9 milioni nel 2011; ogni giorno ne sopravvivono circa 14.000 in più rispetto a due decenni fa. Il tasso mondiale di mortalità sotto i 5 anni è sceso da 87 decessi ogni 1.000 nati vivi nel 1990 a 51 nel 2011: questi i principali dati diffusi oggi dall’Unicef e dall’Igme (Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation).
Il nuovo rapporto 2012 ‘Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed’ esamina l’andamento delle stime e dei dati inerenti la mortalità infantile dal 1990, evidenziando i principali risultati ottenuti nella diminuzione del livello di mortalità infantile in tutte le regioni e nei diversi Paesi. Diversi, in tutto il mondo, quelli che stanno facendo rapidi progressi, dimostrando che, in soli due decenni, è possibile diminuire drasticamente il tasso di mortalità al di sotto dei 5 anni.
Il rapporto evidenzia come né l’appartenenza ad una specifica area geografica né lo status economico devono essere considerati ostacolo alla riduzione del tasso di mortalità dei bambini. Infatti, Paesi a basso reddito come il Bangladesh, la Liberia e il Ruanda, Paesi a medio reddito come il Brasile, la Mongolia e la Turchia, e altri ad alto reddito, come l’Oman e il Portogallo, hanno realizzato notevoli progressi, riducendo il tasso di mortalità sotto i 5 anni di oltre due terzi fra il 1990 e il 2011.
La riduzione globale della mortalità sotto i cinque anni è un risultato significativo che testimonia il lavoro e l’impegno di molti, compresi i governi, i donatori, le agenzie internazionali e le famiglie” – ha detto Anthony Lake, direttore generale dell’Unicef – “Ma il lavoro non è ancora terminato: milioni di bambini sotto i cinque anni continuano a morire, ogni anno, per cause in gran parte prevenibili, per le quali esistono soluzioni accessibili e a basso costo. Queste vite potrebbero essere salvate grazie a vaccini, nutrizione adeguata, assistenza medica di base e materna. Il mondo ha le tecnologie e le conoscenze per farlo. La vera sfida è mettere questo a disposizione di tutti i bambini“.
Il rapporto presenta i dati sulla mortalità, le analisi sulle maggiori cause di morte dei bambini e le principali strategie necessarie per accelerare i progressi in atto. I decessi dei piccoli sotto i 5 anni di età sono sempre più concentrati in Africa sub-sahariana e Asia meridionale, le due regioni che, nel complesso, hanno totalizzato oltre l’80% di tutte le morti infantili nel 2011. In media, in Africa sub-sahariana, un bambino su nove non raggiunge il quinto compleanno.
Più della metà dei decessi dovuti a polmonite o diarrea – che, nel complesso, rappresentano quasi il 30% delle morti sotto i 5 anni in tutto il mondo – si verificano in soli quattro Paesi: Repubblica Democratica del Congo, India, Nigeria e Pakistan.
Le malattie infettive possono invece essere definite ‘dell’iniquità’ visto che colpiscono soprattutto le popolazioni povere e vulnerabili che non hanno accesso alle cure di base e agli interventi di prevenzione.
Queste malattie sono in gran parte prevedibili, queste morti sono in gran parte evitabili.
Sotto lo slogan ‘Una Promessa rinnovata’ (‘A promise renewed’), sta crescendo un movimento globale che vuol porre fine alle morti prevenibili di bambini, impegnandosi ad agire per accelerare i progressi nella riduzione della mortalità neonatale, infantile e materna.
Dal mese di giugno, più della metà dei governi di tutto il mondo – tra cui l’Italia- hanno sottoscritto e rinnovato il loro impegno per la sopravvivenza dei più piccoli. Maggiori sforzi sono particolarmente necessari nei Paesi più popolosi e con alto tasso di mortalità.
In aggiunta agli obiettivi legati alla salute e alla nutrizione, tutti gli altri fattori – in particolare l’istruzione, l’accesso a servizi igienici adeguati e all’acqua potabile, cibo nutriente e sufficiente, la protezione dell’infanzia e lo sviluppo delle potenzialità delle donne – sono, e saranno, fondamentali per rendere concrete le speranze di sopravvivenza e sviluppo dell’infanzia.
Lo scorso anno erano 22.000, oggi 19.000 i bambini sotto i 5 anni che ogni giorno muoiono per cause prevenibili e possono essere salvati – spiega il Presidente Unicef Italia, Giacomo Guerrera – Unicef Italia accoglie con speranza questi nuovi dati che dimostrano quanto importante e necessario sia il lavoro che portiamo avanti ogni giorno, anche grazie all’impegno di tanti volontari, donatori, aziende, scuole che credono, come noi, che arrivare ad azzerare il numero di morti prevedibili sia possibile. Perchè nessun numero è accettabile quando si parla di bambini che muoiono. Noi vogliamo arrivare a zero. Siamo sulla strada giusta perchè sappiamo come salvare vite, lo abbiamo fatto e possiamo continuare a farlo, con l’impegno di tutti“.
fonte
www.repubblica.itAbdu Kiyaga

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EBOLA VIRUS NO LONGER A THREAT
17 september 2012
Uganda’s ministry of health has expressed confidence that the deadly ebola virus is no longer a threat saying ‘the threat of any emerging outbreak of ebola is negligible’. The country is currently in a post ebola surveillance phase which continuously monitors the situation to ensure that the Ebola transmission cycle has been broken and that there is no likelihood of occurrence of any new casesDr. D. K. W. Lwamafa, acting director general of health services said on Friday in a statement.
The ministry of health said 17 people have died from the ebola disease including a clinical officer in Kibale district. While five patients were cured. It stated that over 400 patients who came in contact with ebola and were admitted and monitored have been discharged.
The ministry assured the public that the country is safe for all people including foreigners intending to travel in and out of the country. There is currently no travel ban in any part of the country, including Kibaale district which was the epi-centre of the outbreak. The ban earlier put in place against holding public rallies and shaking of hands in Kibaale district was finally lifted after it was confirmed that the risk of transmission was no longer a public health threat” Lwamafa said.
Lwamafa said the post ebola surveillance countdown period is a requirement of the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria which entails any affected country to monitor the ebola situation for a period of 42 days after the last discharged patient case before finally declaring that the outbreak is over. Lwamafa said the last patient in Kibaale was allowed to go home on 24th August 2012. He added that this therefore means that Uganda will finally be declared Ebola free on October 4th 2012.
The ministry cautions that while the period of active infection is over, the country continues to monitor the situation to ensure that there is no risk of yet another outbreak. All the structures previously set up to contain the outbreak are still operational to combat any potential risks.
The trained health workers are still actively watching the situation, the laboratory system at the Uganda Virus Research institute is still operational while the national and district taskforces are all on the alert to watch out for any emerging threats.
The isolation facility set up to accommodate confirmed cases has been transformed into a permanent structure at Kagadi Hospital in Kibaale district. The Ministry of Health surveillance team is currently stationed in Arua district to monitor the Ebola situation on the Congo side of the border.
The ministry reassures the public that everything is under control to ensure that the outbreak is finally contained and declared over in the near future.
fonte www.allaafrica.com

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UGANDA SHILLING REMAINS STABLE DESPITE LENDING RATE DROP
17 settembre 2012
The Ugandan shilling remains stable against the US dollar. With the central bank cutting the interest rates last week, the performance of the local currency against the dollar was expected to fluctuate.
Mr. Andrew Kyambadde, Manager, Shumuk Forex Bureau expected a fall in a shilling following the cut in the lending rates. “The dollar has been trading at a stable position of between 2500 and 2515. The demand for dollars by importers has remained low“‘ said Mr. Anwar, Forex Manager, Crane Bank.
Traders speculated that the demand will be high because of people wanting to exit their savings from the bank. According to Anwar, the shilling may remain steady up to mid-month because the big firms which happen to be the main importers of dollars are preparing to pay their mid-month taxes.
However, Bank of Uganda’s reason for cutting the lending rates to 15% was to increase private credit growth though commercial banks refused to follow suit.
fonte www.allaafrica.com

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UGANDA, REGISTA BRITANNICO IN PRIGIONE PER SHOW CONTRO L’OMOFOBIA
19 settembre 2012
Cinque giorni di prigione e il rischio di una condanna a due anni per il regista teatrale inglese David Edwards Cecil che è stato arrestato a Kampala, in Uganda, il 13 settembre e poi rilasciato su cauzione il 17 con l’accusa di aver infranto la sezione 117 del Codice Penale del Paese che vieta ogni manifestazione pubblicata, come pure articoli, libri, film, documentari e rappresentazioni teatrali a favore dell’omosessualità.
Cecil, infatti, ha violato la legge per avere portato in scena un dramma dal titolo ‘The River and the Mountain’. Per la sentenza si dovrà attendere, intanto il regista non potrà lasciare il Paese.
La pièce, scritta a quattro mani con Beau Hopkins da anni residente a Kampala, racconta delle difficili condizioni di vita di una lesbica che è vittima di discriminazione sessuale, di emarginazione e di persecuzione da parte della polizia. Nel cast anche Angela Emunwon.
Il National Theatre, dopo aver concesso il permesso per l’allestimento, l’ha dovuto annullare per esplicito divieto delle autorità municipali. Gli autori allora hanno affittato sale in vari alberghi dell’Uganda e hanno portato in scena lo stesso la loro opera.
Dopo l’arresto, il regista è comparso subito dinanzi alla Corte dove l’accusa è stata ufficializzata: rappresentazione teatrale non autorizzata e incoraggiamento ad atti sessuali devianti. La libertà vigilata è arrivata solo grazie all’intervento dell’ambasciata britannica e alle proteste delle associazioni dei diritti umani che hanno subito condannato l’arresto.
Così si massacra la libertà di espressione garantita dalla costituzione” ha detto Clare Byarugaba, coordinatrice di un’associazione per la difesa degli omosessuali (Ugandan Civil Society Coalition on Human Rights and Constitutional Law). “Le accuse – ha aggiunto – sono infondate e non fanno altro che incoraggiare una campagna contro i gay da parte dello Stato ugandese”.
Il governo ha fatto sapere che se il lavoro sarà ancora messo in scena altre persone potrebbero essere perseguite.
fonte http://lepersoneeladignita.corriere.itMonica Ricci Sargentini

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LRA, E’ PRONTA LA FORZA AFRICANA, IL COMANDO ALL’UGANDA
19 settembre 2012
Può contare su 2500 soldati la Forza d’intervento regionale dell’Unione Africana (UA) per la lotta alla ribellione ugandese dell’Esercito di Resistenza del Signore (LRA): le truppe sono state raggruppate nel quartiere generale di Yambio (Sud Sudan) e sono pronte ad intervenire.
Contemporaneamente, nella città sud-sudanese di Nzara il comando della forza africana è stato formalmente consegnato al maggiore ugandese Alex Ahabyona. La creazione della Task Force contro la LRA, che entro dicembre dovrebbe raggiungere 5000 effettivi, era stata annunciata diversi mesi fa ma non si era ancora concretizza per mancanza di uomini e di mezzi. E’ parte di una strategia dell’Onu e dell’Unione Africana sostenuta dagli Stati Uniti da un punto di vista politico e logistico.
Da ieri ad essere operativi sono 2000 soldati delle Forze di Difesa del Popolo Ugandese (Updf) e 500 uomini dell’Esercito Popolare di Liberazione del Sudan (Spla). La scorsa settimana sono stati dispiegati altri 360 militari delle Forze Armate Centrafricane (Faca) a Obo (est del Centrafrica).
A questo punto deve ancora fornire il proprio contributo la Repubblica democratica del Congo, con truppe da dispiegare a Dungu, nella turbolenta regione nord-orientale. “E’ una giornata importante, una tappa decisiva, frutto dei nostri sforzi collettivi per mettere un punto finale alle attività dell’LRA, movimento tristemente noto, causa delle peggiori violenze e violazioni subite dalle popolazioni dei paesi colpiti” ha detto alla cerimonia di Yambio Abou Moussa, rappresentante speciale del Segretario generale dell’Onu nonché responsabile dell’Ufficio delle Nazioni Unite per l’Africa centrale.
Durante l’ultimo semestre del 2011 gli attacchi hanno sono risultati in netta diminuzione in Sud Sudan, Uganda e Congo ma sono ripresi con una certa frequenza all’inizio dell’anno in Centrafrica. Lo scorso maggio è stato catturato Caesar Achellam, numero tre della LRA, considerato tra i massimi generali della ribellione armata guidata da Joseph Kony, attiva per un ventennio nel Nord dell’Uganda.
fonte www.misna.org

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UGANDA: OVER 70 PERCENT TEENS ENGAGE IN RISKY SEX
21 september 2012
Almost three quarters of Ugandan teenagers aged between 15 and 19 years are engaging in higher risk sex with minimal condom use, the new HIV/AIDS report has revealed. This means that about 2.6 million (71%) of the 3.6 million teenagers in this age bracket have risky sex. However, less than half of them use condoms.
The revelation is contained in the Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey (UAIS) 2011 report, which was launched this week by the Ministry of Health. The report defines higher risk sex as sex with a non-marital or non-cohabiting partner.
The survey was conducted by the Ministry of Health and the Uganda Bureau of Statistics with support of several American and European development organisations as well as the World Health Organisation (WHO). In the survey, a representative sample of 12,153 female and 9,588 male, aged between 15 and 59 years, in selected households were interviewed across the country. Of this number, 2,089 were in the 15-19 age bracket.
The prevalence of higher risk sex is greater among teenagers and singles than the married and divorced. Risky sexual behaviour is also more common in teenage boys than girls. Some 92.6% of boys aged between 15 and 19 engage in higher risk sex, yet only 31.5% reported using condoms during their last sexual intercourse. On the other hand, 49.2% of teenage girls engage in higher risk sex with only 33.8% using condoms.
The report also reveals increasing cross-generational sex, which is more prevalent among uneducated girls and decreases as the educational level increases. In youth (20-24 years), the report says premarital sex is more common in urban areas and among those with higher levels of education.
Medics and anti-HIV activists yesterday attributed the poignant situation in teenagers to parental negligence as well as widespread pornography.

Molly Businge, who heads Kawaala Health Centre III in Rubaga division, revealed that between six to seven out of 10 adolescents who visit the clinic have sexually transmitted diseases. “Children, even those in rural areas, almost have unlimited access to video halls where they watch pornographic movies. After watching the movies, they always want to try out what they have seen” explained Regina Ssali-Mugabi, the nurse in charge of the HIV clinic at Kisugu Health Centre III in Makindye.
Mugabi also blamed wealthy parents for availing teenagers with huge sums of pocket money, which they eventually use to seduce girls into sex. In the survey, about two-thirds of adults (18-49) supported the idea of teaching children aged between 12 and 14 years about using a condom to avoid HIV. “Over 94% of women and men agree that children should be taught to wait until marriage to have sex” says the report.
fonte www.allaafrica.comFrancis Kagolo

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LORD’S RESISTANCE ARMY YOUNG TURKS TAKE OVER
22 september 2012
The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) rebel group is undergoing a leadership transformation. The outgoing commander of the UPDF operations, Col. Joseph Balikudembe, said the old guard is now rendered useless and Kony is empowering the young fighters to keep the rebel group’s operations active.
Balikudembe said intelligence gathered from the LRA indicate that Kony has placed his commander, Dominic Ongwen, under the watch of young officers. Ongwen is less effective ever since he was shot in the left leg and walks with a limp.
Balikudembe said Lt. Michael Oryem, who defected recently, did not keep close watch of Acellam as instructed, giving him room to defect. Acellam defected early this year. Oryem felt his life was in danger because he did not secure the person whom he had been entrusted with. Olanyo, one of the former LRA fighters, said Kony had handed the command role to Okot Odhiambo.
We last heard from Kony last February. We were in Congo and Kony called Odhiambo and told him to keep commanding the troops. I don’t know where Kony is” Olanyo said.
fonte www.allaafrica.comRaymond Baguma

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UGANDA EMBRACE MODERN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
25 september 2012
Ugandans have been urged to embrace modern energy technology so as to protect the environment.
Godfrey Kimuli, a principal energy officer in the energy ministry, made the call on Friday during a gender and energy enterprise workshop in Lungujja, Kampala. “It is unfortunate that only about 10% of the population are able to access modern energy. This is very low when compared to countries like Korea, where the percentage is over 80%” he said.
He said local communities could adopt improved renewable energy technologies like improved cooking stoves, biogas and solar technology so as to preserve the environment, especially in reducing on deforestation. He said this would not only protect the environment but also help in fighting poverty through establishment of small-scale businesses like Maize Mills, Salons and food processing outlets.
Kimuli appealed to micro-finance institutions to invest in the new energy technologies.
Dr. May Sengendo, the chairperson of East African Energy Technology Development Network, said the energy business needed to be exploited so as to improve on energy accessibility in the country. “Involve young women in slums in turning garbage into gold instead of having them depend on their husbands for everything all the time” she advised. “If energy is taken on as a business, it will help create jobs for many people in our communities” she added.
Dr. Sengendo told stakeholders that the objective of the workshop was to develop an action frame-work for enhancing the mainstreaming of gender in energy-enterprise development. Meanwhile, the Energy Week will start tomorrow and end on Saturday. It will be held at the National Theatre in Kampala.
fonte www.allafrica.com Gladys Kalibbala

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UGANDA: KEEPING GIRLS IN SCHOOL
26 september 2012
Three years ago, after Irene Kamyuka finished her sixth year of primary school in Uganda, her father ran short of money. With four siblings ahead of her in school, Kamyuka’s father told her she would have to drop out until his finances turned around. “My father told me the money was finished” she said. “He said: ‘You (wait) until the others are finished“. Kamyuka, determined to “study so that in my future I can get a job” stuck it out. Eventually enough money was available so she was able to finish the last year of primary school, the seventh, in May this year. Then it ran out again before she could go on to secondary school.
Though this East African nation’s government-run schools are theoretically free, in reality parents who cannot afford to pay for uniforms, books and supplies cannot send their child to school.
Ugandans who live in rural areas, like Kamyuka, from Kamuli – a town on the edge of Lake Kyoga in central Uganda – and who make their living as subsistence farmers, run into consistent difficulties paying for their children’s schooling.
As in Kamyuka’s case, the outcome is often an interrupted – or cancelled – education. As dropouts, girls say they are stigmatised because people assume they left school because of a sexual relationship.
In reality, though, the choice to stay in school is usually not even one they are allowed to make, because parents often see little incentive in ensuring that their daughters finish school. “They look at the girl as a liability, because what the family does is to prepare a girl for a marriage” said Johnson Ntende, the director of Kamuli Progressive College, a secondary school near the centre of town. “The role of a wife in a home is to cook for children and look after the man. That role does not require academic achievements“.
According to preliminary statistics from Uganda’s Ministry of Education for the 2012 school year, the number of girls who qualified to attend secondary school stood at 343,000, in contrast to 408,000 boys. According to the World Bank, the literacy rate for young females aged 15 to 24 in this landlocked east-central African nation of 35 million was 84 percent in 2010, compared to 90 percent of males in the same age group for that year. This is a trend that is played out around the world, with girls less likely to be enrolled in school and to access medical care and more likely to be deprived of food.
The result, according to World Bank research, is a less-productive and more impoverished society.
In Kamyuka’s case, her parents wanted to send her to school, but simply could not afford it. The 15-year-old is now in her first year at Kamuli Progressive College though, thanks to funding from Plan International. She started school in August this year. The international development charity is paying her term fees, which work out to about 20 dollars every three months.
While the school is a public-private institution and receives some funding from the government under the universal primary education programme, there are some extra fees attached for uniforms and books.
Gloria Titi, the Plan International programme coordinator, said that in addition to paying for 54 girls in the area to go to school, the charity is also looking at ways to improve the environment in and around the school to mitigate a dropout rate that is still “too high” – and often has nothing to do with money. Up to 54 percent of girls in Kamuli will drop out of school before finishing, according to Titi.
At Kamuli Progressive College, there is a chart on the wall of the director’s office listing enrolment figures. There are 133 girls enrolled in their fourth year; the number drops to 21 for the fifth. The reasons are myriad: harassment from men on the long walk to school, a lack of private bathroom facilities, and no money to buy sanitary pads during menstruation.
Kamyuka said that some of the boys at her school target girls for consensual or forced sexual encounters, which can then harm the girl’s reputation. And if she becomes pregnant, she’s forced out, while the father of the baby is able to continue. “(Girl students) start loving boys, which will lead them to school dropout” Kamyuka said. “Boys are just destroying our lives“.
Kamyuka and her peers say that without an education, early marriage is the only option left to them. That idea is pervasive in Ugandan society. It kept Claire Namakula in a two-year abusive relationship. At 15 she moved in with a man – who “beat me; he was abusing drugs, taking alcohol, smoking” – and quickly got pregnant. After two years, and despite not having any money, she took the unusual step of moving out on her own in Uganda’s capital city, Kampala.
Namakula, who is now 28 and was denied the opportunity to go to school, took a class on catering for undereducated women. When it finished, she and the other women formed a catering company, which they named Allied Female Youth Initiative. She said the training showed her that she had other options besides being dependent on a boyfriend or husband.
Before the training, “I didn’t even have an account in the bank” Namakula said. “People would not respect me. Now, people can even kneel and say ‘hello’ to me as a responsible person.
fonte www.allafrica.com Andrew Green

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U.S. GIVES UGANDA 27 BILLION TO FIGHT HIV/AIDS
27 september 2012
Three Ugandan organisations fighting HIV/Aids have received a total of US$10.75m (sh27b) from US President Barack Obama. The five-year grants were awarded under the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The recepients are local faith-based organizations providing comprehensive HIV/AIDS support, treatment, and prevention services. They include:  Uganda Episcopal Conference-Uganda Catholic Medical Bureau received US$ 5.4m (sh13.6b) to provide comprehensive, quality HIV prevention, care, and treatment services that promote and safeguard the health of communities through faith-based health care service providers in 12 sites located in 11 districts in the central, northern, and western regions of Uganda.
Uganda Protestant Medical Bureau gets U$ 2.45 m (sh6.2b) to provide high-quality services to people living with and affected by HIV in six health facilities in the districts of Amolatar, Bushenyi, Sheema, Kabarole, Kampala, and Jinja. They will provide Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission services, safe male circumcision, voluntary counseling and testing, adult treatment, pediatric treatment, services targeting orphans and vulnerable children, TB/HIV treatment, laboratory strengthening, and provision of ARV drugs.
And, the Children’s AIDS Fund Uganda receives US$ 2.9 m (sh7.3b) to provide comprehensive services beyond basic HIV care and treatment, including patient support groups, dental care, assistance with school fees, discordant couple support groups, income-generating activities, and client-led community outreach activities.
These will be offered in four clinics the Family Hope Center (Kampala), Family Hope Center (Jinja), Kabwohe Clinical Research Centre (Mitooma District), and Bushenyi Medical Centre (Bushenyi District). Since PEPFAR was established in 2004, the USA has focused on supporting the Government of Uganda in its efforts to scale-up HIV prevention, care, treatment, and support services through direct financial support and technical assistance to both governmental and non-governmental implementing partners working at the national, district, and community levels.
The majority of CDC-Uganda’s implementing partners are local organizations that directly provide services to the Ugandan people.
fonte
www.allafrica.com John Odyek

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UGANDA USE ENERGY SUSTAINABLY, PROMOTE TOURISM
27 september 2012
As the World commemorates the ‘UN World Tourism Day’ today under the theme ‘Tourism and Sustainable Energy: Powering Sustainable Development’ the debate on sustainable development has come home.
This two part theme on tourism and sustainable energy highlights what Ugandans should be debating given that it is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity.  However, it is also among the countries whose populations have the lowest access to renewable energy in the world.
At the recently concluded global meeting on sustainable development in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil held under the theme ‘Green Economy-the future we want’, the world in the coming years is going to rely less on fossil fuels that powered development in the last century. The fossil fuels release dangerous emissions such as carbon-dioxide that trap heat escaping from the earth causing global warming. In addition to this, tourism if well planned emits less waste gases and also creates a multiplier effect in the economy since it creates opportunities for employment in other sectors of the economy.
Grace Aulo, the commissioner for Tourism Development at the Ministry of Tourism, says tourism is one of the top revenue earners to the economy and is one of the engines of sustainable development. She says Uganda is opposed to mass tourism and promotes tourism based on attracting few but high spending tourists in order to minimise negative impacts on the environment.
Few but high spending tourists do not have adverse impact on the environment” says Aulo adding that this is high value tourism, which is also called as eco-tourism that is mindful of conservation of nature and improved livelihood of the people living in the vicinity of the tourism destinations.
Uganda needs to develop sustainable energy sources – Asked how sustainable energy contributes to development, James Baanabe, a commissioner at the Ministry of Energy points out that without increasing access to energy, the economy would stagnate, thus undermining many livelihoods.
He says Uganda’s access to electricity, which now stands at about 10% of the population, is still low. “If we do not use our energy sustainably we may end up encroaching on the ecologically sensitive areas” says Baanabe adding that this is likely to endanger animals such as the Mountain gorillas and chimpanzees that are threatened by extinction.
According to Onesmus Mugyenyi, the deputy director for Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment (ACODE) there is a need to create alternative energy sources. “We do not have alternatives and even in Kampala City where electricity is accessible most people use charcoal for cooking because electricity is too expensive” says Mugyenyi adding that biomass energy consumption is taking a worrying trend.
Sources of charcoal such as Nakasongola are getting depleted and charcoal burners are shifting to parts of Mubende and Kiboga. “What will happen if the vegetation in areas that are virgin gets depleted?” asks Mugyenyi. Currently, all the main roads leading to Kampala City are lined with bags of charcoal some of which is extracted in forest reserves such as Mabira that houses endangered monkeys and birds that attract tourists from the nearby Kampala City.
Energy rich areas in environmentally sensitive areas – As the debate rages concerning shifting from fossil fuels to renewable energy such as electricity, wind and solar power, Uganda has discovered oil. This is expected to help Uganda to achieve its destiny of achieving a middle income country. But one key concern Baanabe points out, is that oil in the western arm of the rift valley also called the albertine rift where oil has been discovered, also houses the biggest biological diversity in Africa.
This sets ground for conflict between tourism and extraction of fossil fuel. The albertine rift is one of the most ecologically important conservation areas in Africa. The Nile delta where River Nile enters Lake Albert is one of the richest areas of Murchison Falls National Park, yet it is also suspected to be sitting in the largest reservoirs of oil. “Where there is oil, is where we have most of Uganda’s wildlife” says Baanabe. “We have to use technologies that minimise the negative environmental impacts.
He cited the proposed Karuma hydroelectric power project where a dam is going to be constructed underground and a tunnel constructed to divert water from the Nile in order to generate the power.
The water will be returned downstream to the river, which according to Baanabe will minimise the impacts on wildlife from the nearby Karuma wildlife reserve that neighbours Murchison Falls National Park.
The Tourism commissioner says Uganda’s tourism has been growing in the last decade and is now one of the top foreign exchange earners in the country. She says Government has been engaging private sector and local communities to benefit in order to build sustainable tourism. “We want to sustain the resource and that is why we attract few tourists” says Aulo adding that the country is also concerned about posterity.
Apart from wildlife tourism, Aulo says culture is also being harnessed in order to diversify Uganda’s products, but also channel more revenue going into the pockets of local people. “We want more money to remain in the economy” she says.
As Uganda moves from a Less Developed Country to a middle income economy, there is need to protect the catchment areas that provide water for electricity generation for powering industrialisation. It is also important to diversify tourism and share benefits with local communities.
This calls for re-thinking of the country’s strategies, strengthening of institutions and allocating more money to energy development, environment conservation (sustainable use of nature) and tourism development.

fonte
www.allafrica.com Gerald Teniwa

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BREVI DALL’AFRICA
27 settembre 2012
Fa discutere la decisione del parlamento di approvare una legge che proibisce il trasporto di bambini di età inferiore ai 12 anni sui ‘boda-boda’ i taxi-motociclette utilizzati per lo spostamento da una parte all’altra delle città.
La misura, accolta da molti come un passo avanti per la sicurezza dei più piccoli, ha sollevato però le critiche di chi si domanda con quali altri mezzi di trasporto gli studenti delle aree più inaccessibili dovrebbero poter raggiungere le scuole.
fonte www.misna.org

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Cambio valuta: in data 28/09/2012 1 dollaro USA è pari a 2542 scellini ugandesi, 1 Euro è pari a 3288,5332 scellini ugandesi


UgandAbout è un servizio dell’Associazione Italia Uganda Onlus a cura di Simona Meneghelli

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